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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A new darwinopteran pterosaur reveals arborealism and an opposed thumb

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Author(s):
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Zhou, Xuanyu [1, 2, 3] ; Pegas, V, Rodrigo ; Ma, Waisum [4] ; Han, Gang [5, 6] ; Jin, Xingsheng [7] ; Leal, Maria E. C. [8] ; Bonde, Niels [9, 10] ; Kobayashi, Yoshitsugu [11] ; Lautenschlager, Stephan [4] ; Wei, Xuefang [12, 2, 3] ; Shen, Caizhi [13] ; Ji, Shu'an [3]
Total Authors: 12
Affiliation:
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[1] Beipiao Pterosaur Museum China, Beipiao, Liaoning - Peoples R China
[2] China Univ Geosci, State Key Lab Biogeol & Environm Geol, Beijing - Peoples R China
[3] Chinese Acad Geol Sci, Inst Geol, Key Lab Stratig & Palaeontol, Minist Nat Resources, Beijing - Peoples R China
[4] Univ Birmingham, Sch Geog Earth & Environm Sci, Birmingham, W Midlands - England
[5] Hainan Vocat Univ Sci & Technol, Haikou, Hainan - Peoples R China
[6] Hainan Trop Ocean Univ, Sanya, Hainan - Peoples R China
[7] Zhejiang Museum Nat Hist, Hangzhou, Zhejiang - Peoples R China
[8] Aarhus Univ, Fac Hlth, Aarhus - Denmark
[9] Univ Copenhagen, Zool Museum SNM, Copenhagen - Denmark
[10] Fur Museum Museum Salling, Fur - Denmark
[11] Hokkaido Univ, Hokkaido Univ Museum, Sapporo, Hokkaido - Japan
[12] China Geol Survey, Ctr Cores & Samples Nat Resources, Beijing - Peoples R China
[13] Dalian Nat Hist Museum, Dalian, Liaoning - Peoples R China
Total Affiliations: 13
Document type: Journal article
Source: Current Biology; v. 31, n. 11, p. 2429+, JUN 7 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Pterosaurs, which lived during the Mesozoic, were the first known vertebrates to evolve powered flight.(1,2) Arboreal locomotion has been proposed for some taxa,3,4 and even considered to have played a role in the origin of pterosaur flight.(5,6) Even so, there is still need for comprehensive quantitative ecomorphological analyses.(3,4) Furthermore, skeletal adaptations correlated to specialized lifestyles are often difficult to recognize and interpret in fossils. Here we report on a new darwinopteran pterosaur that inhabited a unique forest ecosystem from the Jurassic of China. The new species exhibits the oldest record of palmar (or true) opposition of the pollex, which is unprecedented for pterosaurs and represents a sophisticated adaptation related to arboreal locomotion. Principal-coordinate analyses suggest an arboreal lifestyle for the new species but not for other closely related species from the same locality, implying a possible case of ecological niche partitioning. The discovery adds to the known array of pterosaur adaptations and the history of arborealism in vertebrates. It also adds to the impressive early bloom of arboreal communities in the Jurassic of China, shedding light on the history of forest environments. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/10231-6 - Stance biomechanis of the wing during flight in Anhanguera piscator and Tupuxuara leonardii (Pterosauria: Pterodactyloidea) and considerations on the evolution of flight within the group
Grantee:Rodrigo Vargas Pêgas
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate