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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Kinetic analysis of continuous reaction data for RAFT and free radical copolymerization with acrylic and styrenic monomers

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Author(s):
Siqueira, Julia S. [1] ; Florenzano, Fabio H. [2] ; Reed, Wayne F. [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Tulane Univ, Dept Phys, Tulane Ctr Polymer React Monitoring & Characteriz, New Orleans, LA 70118 - USA
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Engn Sch Lorena, Dept Mat Engn, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Polymer; v. 226, JUN 4 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Free radical (FR) and Reversible Addition Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT) copolymerization rates for styrenic monomers in bulk and aqueous reactions were accelerated by acrylic comonomers, whose own rates were both delayed and decreased. The effect was found with styrenics as low as 0.6% by mole, and is directly observable from Automatic Continuous Online Monitoring of Polymerization reactions (ACOMP) data. Rapid radical transfer from acrylic to styrenic comonomer, through lower energy radical resonance stabilization in styrenics, was the suspected cause. FR and RAFT rates were equal, suggesting that FR termination controlled radical concentrations and rates. Despite strongly changing concentrations of initiator and comonomer radicals during reactions, the Quasi-Steady-State Approximation was demonstrated to hold. While rates were identical, molecular weights showed the characteristic increase with conversion for RAFT and decrease for FR. A new, generalized method for reactivity ratio determination was found and acceleration/deceleration behavior was consistently interpreted within a penultimate model. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/05484-2 - Synthesis of a copolymer via RAFT with variable composition gradient using ACOMP and an automatic controller of polymerizations
Grantee:Fábio Herbst Florenzano
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research