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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Sargassum-associated gastropod and amphipod assemblages in relation to metal pollution in a semi-enclosed bay

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Longo, Pedro Augusto dos Santos [1] ; Mansur, Karine Ferreira Ribeiro [2] ; Siqueira, Silvana Gomes Leite [3] ; Passos, Flavio Dias [3] ; Leite, Fosca Pedini Pereira [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Programa Pos Grad Ecol, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Programa Pos Grad Anim, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Anim Biol, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: AQUATIC ECOLOGY; v. 55, n. 2, p. 623-646, JUN 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Anthropogenic impacts cause habitat losses and reduce biodiversity in marine coastal habitats. Coastal macroalgae beds and their associate invertebrates are highly susceptible to environmental contamination. This study evaluated the differences in diversity parameters of Sargassum-associated gastropod and amphipod assemblages in areas located at different distances from a pollution source in a semi-enclosed, highly impacted bay, with the concentration of heavy metals in benthic Sargassum spp. as a contamination parameter. The Sargassum collected from sites closer to the source of contamination had higher concentrations of Cu, Zn and Fe. Rarefaction curves demonstrated that gastropod assemblages had significantly lower species richness and diversity at sites closest to the pollution source and regression analysis showed that lower diversity indexes and lower abundance of the main species were correlated with higher levels of most heavy metal concentrations in Sargassum. Amphipod did not present a clear pattern of diversity differentiation, and no correlation of the most abundant species with metal concentrations, even though these animals are known to be sensitive to metal contamination. This study highlights the importance of simultaneously studying different taxonomic groups in order to better understand anthropogenic impacts in marine environments and shows that macroalgae-associated gastropod assemblages are a potential indicator of marine pollution in semi-enclosed areas. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/16837-8 - Protection efficiency in coastal habitats: an integrated approach in the study of macrophyte and associated invertebrates diversity at areas under different conservation status
Grantee:Fosca Pedini Pereira Leite
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants