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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Structural Dynamics and Perspectives of Vitamin B6 Biosynthesis Enzymes in Plasmodium: Advances and Open Questions

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Author(s):
Barra, Angelica Luana C. [1, 2] ; Ullah, Najeeb [1] ; Morao, Luana G. [2] ; Wrenger, Carsten [3] ; Betzel, Christian [1] ; Nascimento, Alessandro S. [2]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Hamburg, Inst Biochem & Mol Biol, Lab Struct Biol Infect & Inflammat, Hamburg - Germany
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Phys, Polo TerRa, Sao Carlos - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Parasitol, Unit Drug Discovery, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Review article
Source: FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY; v. 11, JUL 13 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Malaria is still today one of the most concerning diseases, with 219 million infections in 2019, most of them in Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America, causing approx. 409,000 deaths per year. Despite the tremendous advances in malaria treatment and prevention, there is still no vaccine for this disease yet available and the increasing parasite resistance to already existing drugs is becoming an alarming issue globally. In this context, several potential targets for the development of new drug candidates have been proposed and, among those, the de novo biosynthesis pathway for the B6 vitamin was identified to be a promising candidate. The reason behind its significance is the absence of the pathway in humans and its essential presence in the metabolism of major pathogenic organisms. The pathway consists of two enzymes i.e. Pdx1 (PLP synthase domain) and Pdx2 (glutaminase domain), the last constituting a transient and dynamic complex with Pdx1 as the prime player and harboring the catalytic center. In this review, we discuss the structural biology of Pdx1 and Pdx2, together with and the understanding of the PLP biosynthesis provided by the crystallographic data. We also highlight the existing evidence of the effect of PLP synthesis inhibition on parasite proliferation. The existing data provide a flourishing environment for the structure-based design and optimization of new substrate analogs that could serve as inhibitors or even suicide inhibitors. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/13684-0 - Structural and functional studies of enzymes that participate in complex carbohydrates synthesis and degradation
Grantee:Igor Polikarpov
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/26722-8 - Drug discovery against human infectious diseases
Grantee:Carsten Wrenger
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/21213-6 - Structural characterization of vitamin B1 and B6 synthesis pathway enzymes in Plasmodium falciparum and Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Grantee:Angélica Luana Carrillo Barra
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 17/03966-4 - Targeting lipoic acid salvage and biosynthesis pathways in MRSA
Grantee:Carsten Wrenger
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/20219-3 - Structural studies of enzymes involved in vitamin B1 and B6 synthesis in Plasmodium
Grantee:Luana Galvão Morão
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/26428-3 - Analyzing structure, function and dynamics of vitamin B6 biosynthesis enzymes from Plasmodium vivax
Grantee:Angélica Luana Carrillo Barra
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 20/03983-9 - Structural investigation of ramnose synthesis and implications in antibiotic resistance
Grantee:Alessandro Silva Nascimento
Support type: Regular Research Grants