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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effect of continuous positive airway pressure associated to exercise on the breathing pattern and heart rate variability of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting surgery: a randomized controlled trial

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Pantoni, C. B. F. [1, 2] ; Di Thommazo-Luporini, L. [2] ; Mendes, R. G. [2] ; Caruso, F. C. R. [2] ; Castello-Simoes, V [2] ; Mezzalira, D. [2] ; Borghi-Silva, A. [2]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Gerontol, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Fisioterapia, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; v. 54, n. 11 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been used to improve gas exchange and diaphragmatic function, among others benefits. Moreover, it can be used to increase exercise tolerance and positively influence ventilatory function and breathing pattern (BP) during exercise. However, there is no information about the long-term effects of CPAP, as an adjunct to an inpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program, on BP and heart rate variability (HRV) of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG). Twenty patients were allocated to receive, after randomization, standard inpatient CR without CPAP (control group - CG) or CR with CPAP between 10 to 12 cmH2O (CPAP group - CPG) associated with the exercises. Participants were assessed preoperatively and on the discharge day, in the sitting rest position. Outcome measurements included BP variables, collected by respiratory inductive plethysmography, and HRV, collected by polar precision performance. The CPG presented lower values of percent rib cage inspiratory and expiratory contributions to tidal volume (%RCi and %RCe) at discharge time, compared to CG. No statistical differences between groups were observed for HRV variables and both groups presented lower values of these indices, compared to preoperative ones. In this context, the patients who received CPAP throughout the whole rehabilitation program were discharged with a better BP, which could indicate more synchronized breathing. CPAP did not influence cardiac autonomic modulation in the long term. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/12763-4 - Exacerbation of COPD and COPD overlap heart failure and noninvasive ventilatory support: impact on endothelial function and cardiac autonomic modulation and relationship among cardiovascular outcomes and clinical and functional aspects
Grantee:Renata Gonçalves Mendes
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/26501-1 - Study of limiting factors to physical exercise and adjunct effects to rehabilitation on cardiorespiratory disease: a multicentre approach
Grantee:Audrey Borghi e Silva
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants