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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Metastatic Melanoma Progression Is Associated with Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Uncoupling Induced by Loss of eNOS:BH4 Stoichiometry

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Author(s):
Machado de Melo, Fabiana Henriques [1, 2] ; Goncalves, Diego Assis [3, 4] ; de Sousa, Ricardo Xisto [5] ; Icimoto, Marcelo Yudi [6] ; Fernandes, Denise de Castro [7] ; Laurindo, Francisco R. M. [7] ; Jasiulionis, Miriam Galvonas [2]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Pharmacol, BR-05508060 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Pharmacol Dept, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Microimunoparasitol Dept, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Juiz de Fora, Parasitol Dept, Microbiol & Immunol, BR-36036900 Juiz De Fora - Brazil
[5] Santa Casa de Sao Paulo Sch Med Sci, Dept Physiol Sci, BR-01221020 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Biophys Dept, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Heart Inst InCor, Vasc Biol Lab, Sch Med, BR-05508060 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES; v. 22, n. 17 SEP 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Melanoma is the most aggressive type of skin cancer due to its high capability of developing metastasis and acquiring chemoresistance. Altered redox homeostasis induced by increased reactive oxygen species is associated with melanomagenesis through modulation of redox signaling pathways. Dysfunctional endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) produces superoxide anion (O-2(-center dot)) and contributes to the establishment of a pro-oxidant environment in melanoma. Although decreased tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) bioavailability is associated with eNOS uncoupling in endothelial and human melanoma cells, in the present work we show that eNOS uncoupling in metastatic melanoma cells expressing the genes from de novo biopterin synthesis pathway Gch1, Pts, and Spr, and high BH4 concentration and BH4:BH2 ratio. Western blot analysis showed increased expression of Nos3, altering the stoichiometry balance between eNOS and BH4, contributing to NOS uncoupling. Both treatment with L-sepiapterin and eNOS downregulation induced increased nitric oxide (NO) and decreased O-2(center dot) levels, triggering NOS coupling and reducing cell growth and resistance to anoikis and dacarbazine chemotherapy. Moreover, restoration of eNOS activity impaired tumor growth in vivo. Finally, NOS3 expression was found to be increased in human metastatic melanoma samples compared with the primary site. eNOS dysfunction may be an important mechanism supporting metastatic melanoma growth and hence a potential target for therapy. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/13663-0 - Integrating gene and microRNA expression, methylome and hidroxymethylome data from different phases of melanoma progression.
Grantee:Miriam Galvonas Jasiulionis
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/10695-7 - Analysis of expression and activity of tetrahydrobiopterin enzymes pathway and tetrahydrobiopterin levels along melanoma development
Grantee:Ricardo Coleto Xisto de Sousa
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 17/04352-0 - Contribution of the interaction between caveolin-1 and the enzymes GTP cyclohydrolase I and nitric oxide synthase along melanoma progression
Grantee:Fabiana Henriques Machado de Melo
Support type: Regular Research Grants