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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Assessing the accuracy of imputation in the Gyr breed using different SNP panels

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Toro Ospina, Alejandra Maria [1] ; Aguilar, Ignacio [2] ; Vargas de Oliveira, Matheus Henrique [1] ; Cruz Dos Santos Correia, Luiz Eduardo [1] ; Vercesi Filho, Anibal Eugenio [3] ; Albuquerque, Lucia Galvao [1] ; Ii de Vasconcelos Silva, Josineudson Augusto [4]
Total Authors: 7
[1] UNESP, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Nacl Invest Agr, INIA, Montevideo - Uruguay
[3] Inst Zootecnia, BR-13460000 Nova Odessa, SP - Brazil
[4] UNESP, Fac Med Vet & Zootecnia, BR-18618307 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: GENOME; v. 64, n. 10, p. 893-899, OCT 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of imputation in a Gyr population using two medium-density panels (Bos taurus - Bos indicus) and to test whether the inclusion of the Nellore breed increases the imputation accuracy in the Gyr population. The database consisted of 289 Gyr females from Brazil genotyped with the GGP Bovine LDv4 chip containing 30 000 SNPs and 158 Gyr females from Colombia genotyped with the GGP indicus chip containing 35 000 SNPs. A customized chip was created that contained the information of 9109 SNPs (9K) to test the imputation accuracy in Gyr populations; 604 Nellore animals with information of LD SNPs tested in the scenarios were included in the reference population. Four scenarios were tested: LD9K\_30KGIR, LD9K\_35INDGIR, LD9K\_30KGIR\_NEL, and LD9K\_35INDGIR\_NEL. Principal component analysis (PCA) was computed for the genomic matrix and sample-specific imputation accuracies were calculated using Pearson's correlation (CS) and the concordance rate (CR) for imputed genotypes. The results of PCA of the Colombian and Brazilian Gyr populations demonstrated the genomic relationship between the two populations. The CS and CR ranged from 0.88 to 0.94 and from 0.93 to 0.96, respectively. Among the scenarios tested, the highest CS (0.94) was observed for the LD9K\_30KGIR scenario. The present results highlight the importance of the choice of chip for imputation in the Gyr breed. However, the variation in SNPs may reduce the imputation accuracy even when the chip of the Bos indicus subspecies is used. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/06686-7 - Population structure evaluation of Gir cattle selected for meat and milk through SNPs arrays
Grantee:Josineudson Augusto Ii de Vasconcelos Silva
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/10630-2 - Genetic aspects of meat production quality, efficiency and sustainability in Nelore breed animals
Grantee:Lucia Galvão de Albuquerque
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants