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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Challenges in the context of single-use plastics and bioplastics in Brazil: A legislative review

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Lima, Lais R. [1] ; Gutierrez, Rafaela F. [2] ; Cruz, Sandra A. [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Fed Univ Sao Carlos UFSCar, Via Washington Luiz, Km 235, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos - Brazil
[2] Univ Toronto, Toronto, ON - Canada
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Plastic has been present in our lives for the past century as an essential material for many commodity items. However, the same properties that make plastic convenient are also responsible for the current dramatic environmental pollution. As an alternative, most of the world has been working with technological innovations, and one of its strategies is the use of bioplastics. Despite being considered environmentally beneficial by some people, there are still developments and discussions that need to be made. This article aims to present a legislative review and discusses the difficulty in implementing policies related to the incentive of the bioplastics market, as well as presenting some state and municipal laws, already prohibiting single-use plastics in Brazil. These laws aim to encourage the substitution of these plastics for biodegradable ones. However, it still has gaps and a lack of clarification on how the banning of disposable plastics and their substitution will be beneficial since composting is still an incipient process in the country. It is also the purpose of this article to discuss the challenges in the context of the Circular Economy, as well as the potential solution based on the creation of public policies aimed at improving waste management, in addition to clearer legislation on alternatives to single-use plastics. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/02576-3 - New frontiers in social innovation research: social innovation management for bioplastics
Grantee:Sandra Andrea Cruz
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 20/04239-1 - The social impacts of the bio-based food packaging supply chain in São Paulo State
Grantee:Lais Roncalho de Lima
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate