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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The role of tree landscape to reduce effects of urban heat islands: a study in two Brazilian cities

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Ribeiro, Andreza Portella [1, 2] ; Bollmann, Harry Alberto [2] ; de Oliveira, Anderson [1] ; Rakauskas, Felipe [1] ; Philippi Cortese, Tatiana Tucunduva [1] ; Costa Rodrigues, Maria Santiellas [1] ; Quaresma, Cristiano Capellani [1] ; Ferreira, Mauricio Lamano [3, 4]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Nove Julho, Rua Vergueiro 235, BR-01525000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Pontificia Univ Catolica Parana, Ave Imaculada Conceicao 1155, BR-80215901 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[3] Ctr Univ Adventista Sao Paulo, Estr Municipal Pastor Walter Boger S-N, BR-13445970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Guarulhos, Rua Engenheiro Prestes Maia 88, BR-07023070 Guarulhos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

The growth of large cities has, in its relationship with the natural environment, caused environmental impacts that have severely transformed the local climate and influenced human well-being. The purpose of this research was to examine the variation of temperature using remote sensing, seeking to identify urban heat islands and the spatial distribution of the green infrastructure, focusing on urban trees. Curitiba was selected for this study, because the city received in 1990 the United Nations Environment Program award and is considered the ``Ecological Capital{''} of Brazil. On the other hand, Sao Paulo was selected, because it is the largest city in South America. Landsat satellite images on vegetation coverage and urban thermic comfort index methods were used to track the hotter regions and greenery all over the cities. The benefits of urban trees were also estimated by i-Tree Canopy with regard to improve air quality. Besides protected areas, mainly where there are urban fragments of forest, some high-income neighborhoods are benefited by the green cover. The results highlighted that both cities, Curitiba and Sao Paulo, require effective governance practices to produce patterns of environmental justice, implementing green spaces in a balanced way for the population. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 20/05383-9 - Resilient cities: nature-based solutions to minimize the effects of air pollution on public health
Grantee:Andreza Portella Ribeiro
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Research in Public Policies