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Functional forests: biodiversity in the benefit of cities

Abstract

About 68% of the world's population will be living in the cities by 2050. Megacities such as São Paulo already suffer the exacerbated effects of climate change due to heat islands and impermeable surfaces, along with the harm caused by the environmental pollution. The conditions of the urban environment can be improved using the ecosystem services of trees that include carbon sequestration, water production, temperature reduction and air pollution, which vary according to species and their growth conditions. The ecosystem services of urban forests are part of the Nature-Based Solutions that are essential for the adaptation and mitigation of the urban environment to climate change and pollution. This project aims to establish a research group in Nature-Based Solutions with the vision of optimizing urban forests. The aims are to: I) quantify ecosystem services, II) understand the biological mechanisms, III) understand the impact of urban environment, IV) create the narratives. This study will be carried out at the Fontes do Ipiranga State Park as a remnant of the Atlantic Forest; and Ibirapuera Park as a public green area. Ecosystem services and related biological processes will be quantified concomitantly in both sites. Carbon, water and energy fluxes will be monitored at the population level using Eddy Covariance systems, and at individual level with both sap flow sensors and carbon allocation measures using tree rings in a dendrobiochemical approach. Tree rings will also be used to estimate the past variability in ecosystem services based on microdensity analyzes, hydraulic architecture and stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen. Removal of air pollution, on the other hand, will be determined for each species by means of biomonitoring techniques using tree bark. These data will be analyzed using complex networks that will allow integrating the biological processes from the individuals to the population. This project will support public management policies for the optimization the ecosystem services of urban forests. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
Los árboles tropicales viven menos 
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
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VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)

Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BECACICI MACIEIRA, BERNARDO PRETTI; LOCOSSELLI, GIULIANO MASELLI; BUCKERIDGE, MARCOS SILVEIRA; JARDIM, VINICIUS CARVALHO; KROTTENTHALER, STEFAN; ANHUF, DIETER; HELLE, GERHARD; FAUSTINI CUZZUOL, GERALDO ROGERIO; CECCANTINI, GREGORIO. Will climate change shift carbon allocation and stem hydraulics? Insights on a systemic view of carbon- and water-related wood traits in an anysohydric tropical tree species (Hymenaea courbaril, Leguminosae). ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, v. 128, SEP 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
GODOY-VEIGA, MILENA; CINTRA, BRUNO BARCANTE LADVOCAT; STRIKIS, NICOLAS MISAILIDIS; CRUZ, FRANCISCO WILLIAN; GROHMANN, CARLOS HENRIQUE; SANTOS, MATHEUS SIMOES; REGEV, LIOR; BOARETTO, ELISABETTA; CECCANTINI, GREGORIO; LOCOSSELLI, GIULIANO MASELLI. The value of climate responses of individual trees to detect areas of climate-change refugia, a tree-ring study in the Brazilian seasonally dry tropical forests. FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, v. 488, MAY 15 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
LOCOSSELLI, GIULIANO MASELLI; LUCCHEZI MIYAHARA, AUGUSTO AKIO; CERQUEIRA, PRISCILLA; BUCKERIDGE, MARCOS SILVEIRA. Climate drivers of tree fall on the streets of Sao Paulo, Brazil. TREES-STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION, MAY 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
LOCOSSELLI, GIULIANO MASELLI; BRIENEN, ROEL J. W.; LEITE, MELINA DE SOUZA; GLOOR, MANUEL; KROTTENTHALER, STEFAN; DE OLIVEIRA, ALEXANDRE A.; BARICHIVICH, JONATHAN; ANHUF, DIETER; CECCANTINI, GREGORIO; SCHONGART, JOCHEN; BUCKERIDGE, MARCOS. Global tree-ring analysis reveals rapid decrease in tropical tree longevity with temperature. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, v. 117, n. 52, p. 33358-33364, DEC 29 2020. Web of Science Citations: 5.

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