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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Prevalence and factors associated with pelvic floor dysfunction in university women: a cross-sectional study

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Author(s):
Luana Fávaro Iamundo [1] ; Guilherme Thomaz de Aquino Nava [2] ; Paulo Roberto Rocha Júnior [3] ; Caroline Baldini Prudencio [4] ; Angélica Mércia Pascon Barbosa
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Universidade Estadual Paulista - Brasil
[2] Universidade Estadual Paulista - Brasil
[3] Centro Universitário de Adamantina - Brasil
[4] Universidade Estadual Paulista - Brasil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Fisioter. mov.; v. 35, 2022-09-23.
Abstract

Abstract Introduction Urinary incontinence (UI), fecal inconti-nence (FI), and genito-pelvic pain or penetration disorder (GPPPD) are considered pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD), and are mainly characterized by poor functionality of the pelvic floor muscles. Despite the relevance of these dysfunctions in women's lives, the demand for care is low. Objective To analyze the prevalence of PFD, in university women, and factors associated with PFD. Methods This is a cross-sectional study conducted at São Paulo State University, Marília, SP, Brazil, with undergraduate and/or postgraduate women aged over 18 years. An online questionnaire containing 40 open and multiple-choice questions about PFD was developed by the authors and a Google form was disclosed via social media (Facebook, Instagram) to the participants. The questionnaire was applied between April and July 2020. Results A sample of 707 participants was included. The average age was 22.5 ± 21.0 years old. The most prevalent PFD was GPPPD, reported by 30.7% of women, followed by UI (16.8%) and FI (3.2%). PFD was significant less reported in the Midwest region compared to other regions (p = 0.015) and significantly more prevalent in women who attended public university (p = 0.038), in women with UI, FI, and GPPPD. The association-test showed that attending public university showed association to UI (p < 0.001), FI (p = 0.008) and GPPPD (p = 0.006). In addition, parity showed association with GPPD (p = 0.032) and to attend health courses with UI (p = 0.002). Conclusion PFD is prevalent among university women and GPPPD was the most recurrent, followed by UI and FI. GPPPD was associated with parity and attending a public university. UI was associated with attending public university and health courses. FI was associated with attending a public university. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 21/10665-6 - Effectiveness of the pelvic floor muscle training in aquatic ambient on pelvic floor muscle function and pregnancy specific urinary incontinence in pregnant women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: a feasibility study to randomized controlled trial
Grantee:Caroline Baldini Prudencio
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 16/01743-5 - The new gestational triad: hyperglycemia, urinary incontinence (UI) and biomolecular profile as a long-term predictor for UI: a prospective cohort study: translational research with biodevice with stem cells for muscle regeneration in diabetic rats
Grantee:Marilza Vieira Cunha Rudge
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants