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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Coordinated and circumlocutory semantic naming errors are related to anterolateral temporal lobes in mild AD, amnestic mild cognitive impairment, and normal aging

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Figueredo Balthazar, Marcio Luiz [1, 2] ; Yasuda, Clarissa Lin [2] ; Silvestre Pereira, Fabricio Ramos [2] ; Guazzi Bergo, Felipe Paulo [2] ; Cendes, Fernando [2] ; Damasceno, Benito Pereira [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Sch Med, Neuropsychol & Neurolinguist Unit, Dept Neurol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Sch Med, Neuroimaging Lab, Dept Neurol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society; v. 16, n. 6, p. 1099-1107, NOV 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 6

Naming difficulties are characteristic of Alzheimer s disease (AD) and to a lesser extent, of amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients The association of naming impairment with anterior temporal lobe (ATL) atrophy in Semantic Dementia (SD) could be a tip of the Iceberg effect in which case the atrophy is a marker of more generalized temporal lobe pathology Alternatively, it could reflect the existence of a functional gradient within the temporal lobes wherein more anterior regions provide the basis for greater specificity of representation We tested these two hypotheses in a study of 15 subjects with mild AD 17 with aMCI and 16 aged control subjects and showed that coordinate and circumlocutory semantic error production on the Boston Naming Test was weakly correlated with ATL gray matter density as determined by voxel based morphometry Additionally we investigated whether these errors were benefited by phonemic cues, and similarly to SD, our AD patients had small improvement Because there is minimal gradient of temporal lobe atrophy in AD or MCI and therefore, no basis for a tip of the iceberg effect these findings support the theory of a modest functional gradient in the temporal lobes with the ATLs being Involved in the naming of more specific objects (JINS 2010 16, 1099-1107) (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/02179-2 - Study of the cerebral organization of lexical-semantic memory in Alzheimer's Disease, in normal aging and in healthy young adults using functional MRI
Grantee:Marcio Luiz Figueredo Balthazar
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate