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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Antitrypanosomal Activity of a Diterpene and Lignans Isolated from Aristolochia cymbifera

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Author(s):
Sartorelli, Patricia [1] ; Carvalho, Camila Salomone [1] ; Reimao, Juliana Quero [2] ; Lorenzi, Harri [3] ; Tempone, Andre Gustavo [2]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Exatas & Terra, BR-09972270 Diadema Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Inst Adolfo Lutz Registro, Dept Parasitol, Lab Toxinol Aplicada, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Inst Plantarum Estudos Flora, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Planta Medica; v. 76, n. 13, p. 1454-1456, SEP 2010.
Web of Science Citations: 20
Abstract

Bioguided fractionation of extract from the leaves of Aristolochia cymbifera led to the isolation of the furofuran lignans fargesin, epieudesmin, and sesamin; the dibenzylbutyrolactone lignans hinokinin and kusunokinin; and an ent-labdane diterpene named copalic acid. Our data demonstrated that copalic acid and kusunokinin were the most active compounds against trypomas-tigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi. Additionally, copalic acid demonstrated the highest parasite selectivity as a result of low toxicity to mammalian cells, despite a considerable hemolytic activity at higher concentrations. Among the isolated compounds, kusunokinin could be considered the most promising candidate, as it displayed significant activity against intracellular amastigotes (IC(50) = 17 mu M) and trypomastigotes (IC(50) = 51 mu M) without hemolytic activity. Fargesin, hinokinin, epieudesmin, and sesamin were also effective against trypomastigotes, but these compounds were highly toxic to mammalian cells and no parasite selectivity could be identified. The need for novel drugs for American trypanosomiasis is evident, and these secondary metabolites from A. cymbifera represent a useful tool for drug design. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/11496-9 - Leishmanicidal principles of vegetable species from Atlantic Forest: evaluation, isolation and molecular characterization
Grantee:Patricia Sartorelli
Support type: Regular Research Grants