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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

EMERGENT CONDITIONAL RELATIONS IN A GO/NO-GO PROCEDURE: FIGURE-GROUND AND STIMULUS-POSITION COMPOUND RELATIONS

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Author(s):
Debert, Paula [1] ; Huziwara, Edson M. ; Faggiani, Robson Brino ; Simoes De Mathis, Maria Eugenia ; McIlvane, William J. [2]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Expt Psychol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Massachusetts, Sch Med, Amherst, MA 01003 - USA
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 92, n. 2, p. 233-243, SEP 2009.
Web of Science Citations: 17
Abstract

Past research has demonstrated emergent conditional relations using a go/no-go procedure with pairs of figures displayed side-by-side on a computer screen. The present Study sought to extend applications Of this procedure. In Experiment, 1, we evaluated whether emergent conditional relations Could be demonstrated when two-component stimuli were displayed in figure-ground relationships-abstract figures displayed on backgrounds of different colors. Five normal)), capable adults participated. During training, each two-component stimulus Was presented successively. Responses emitted in the presence of some Stimulus pairs (A1B1, A2B2, A3B3, B1C1, B2C2 and B3C3) were reinforced, whereas responses emitted in the presence of other pairs (A1B2, A1B3, A2B1, A2B3, A3B1, A3B2, B1C2, B1C3, B2C1, B2C3, B3C1 and B3C2) were not. During tests, new configurations (AC and CA) were presented, thus emulating structurally the matching-to-sample tests employed in typical equivalence Studies. All participants showed emergent relations consistent with stimulus equivalence during testing. In Experiment 2, we systematically replicated the procedures with Stimulus compounds consisting Of four figures (A1, A2, C1 and C2) and two locations (left - B1 and right - 132). A,11 6 normally capable adults exhibited emergent stimulus-stimulus relations. Together, these experiments show that the go/no-go procedure is a potentially useful alternative for Studying emergent. conditional relations when matching-to-sample is procedurally cumbersome or impossible to use. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 03/09928-4 - Emergent relationships between stimuli and symbolic function: implications for behavior, knowledge and teaching
Grantee:Júlio César Coelho de Rose
Support type: PRONEX Research - Thematic Grants