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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Morphological and molecular characterization of cyanobacteria from a Brazilian facultative wastewater stabilization pond and evaluation of microcystin production

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Fonseca Fortes Furtado, Ana Luiza [1, 2] ; Calijuri, Maria do Carmo [2] ; Lorenzi, Adriana Sturion [1] ; Honda, Ricardo Yukio [1] ; Genuario, Diego Bonaldo [1] ; Fiore, Marli Fatima [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Hidraulica & Saneamento, Escola Engn Sao Carlos, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Hydrobiologia; v. 627, n. 1, p. 195-209, JUL 2009.
Web of Science Citations: 48

The cyanobacterial population in the Cajati waste stabilization pond system (WSP) from Sao Paulo State, Brazil was assessed by cell isolation and direct microscope counting techniques. Ten strains, belonging to five genera (Synechococcus, Merismopedia, Leptolyngbya, Limnothrix, and Nostoc), were isolated and identified by morphological and molecular analyses. Morphological identification of the isolated strains was congruent with their phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rDNA gene sequences. Six cyanobacterial genera (Synechocystis, Aphanocapsa, Merismopedia, Lyngbya, Phormidium, and Pseudanabaena) were identified by direct microscope inspection. Both techniques were complementary, since, of the six genera identified by direct microscopic inspection, only Merismopedia was isolated, and the four other isolated genera were not detected by direct inspection. Direct microscope counting of preserved cells showed that cyanobacteria were the dominant members (> 90%) of the phytoplankton community during both periods evaluated (summer and autumn). ELISA tests specific for hepatotoxicmicrocystins gave positive results for six strains (Synechococcus CENA108, Merismopedia CENA106, Leptolyngbya CENA103, Leptolyngbya CENA112, Limnothrix CENA109, and Limnothrix CENA110), and for wastewater samples collected from raw influent (3.70 mu g microcystins/l) and treated effluent (3.74 mu g microcystins/l) in summer. Our findings indicate that toxic cyanobacteria in WSP systems are of concern, since the treated effluent containing cyanotoxins will be discharged into rivers, irrigation channels, estuaries, or reservoirs, and can affect human and animal health. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 07/06360-8 - Genetic characterization of cyanobacteria isolated from mangrove of São Paulo State based on nifH and cpcBA-IGS nucleotide sequence
Grantee:Diego Bonaldo Genuário
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 02/13449-1 - Study of natural and artificial systems for reducing polluted loads for the sustainability of the hydric resources of the Baixo Ribeira de Iguape - SP
Grantee:Maria Do Carmo Calijuri
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants