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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of intrapulpal temperature change induced by visible light units on the metabolism of odontoblast-like cells

Chaves de Souza, Pedro Paulo [1] ; Hebling, Josimeri [2] ; Scalon, Mariana Grecco ; Fabio Aranha, Andreza Maria [3] ; de Souza Costa, Carlos Alberto [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, USP, Dept Biochem & Immunol, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, UNESP, Dept Orthodont & Pediat Dent, BR-14801903 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, UNESP, Sch Dent, Dept Physiol & Pathol, BR-14801903 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF DENTISTRY; v. 22, n. 3, p. 151-156, JUN 2009.
Web of Science Citations: 8

Purpose: To investigate the effects of intrapulpal temperature changes induced by a quartz tungsten halogen (QTH) and a light emitting diode (LED) curing units on the metabolism of odontoblast-like cells. Methods: Thirty-six 0.5 mm-thick dentin discs obtained from sound human teeth were randomly assigned into three groups: QTH, LED and no light (control). After placement of the dentin discs in pulp chamber devices, a thermistor was attached to the pulpal surface of each disc and the light sources were applied on the occlusal surface. After registering the temperature change, odontoblast-like cells MDPC-23 were seeded on the pulpal side of the discs and the curing lights were again applied. Cell metabolism was evaluated by the MTT assay and cell morphology was assessed by SEM. Results: In groups QTH and LED the intrapulpal temperature increased by 6.4 degrees C and 3.4 degrees C, respectively. The difference between both groups was statistically significant (Mann-Whitney; P< 0.05). QTH and LED reduced the cell metabolism by 36.4% and 33.4%, respectively. Regarding the cell metabolism, no statistically significant difference was observed between both groups (Mann-Whitney; P> 0.05). However, when compared to the control, only QTH significantly reduced the cell metabolism (Mann-Whitney; P< 0.05). It was concluded that the irradiance of 0.5 mm-thick human dentin discs with a QTH in comparison to a LED curing unit promoted a higher temperature rise, which propagates through the dentin negatively affecting the metabolism of the underlying cultured pulp cells. (Am J Dent 2009;22:151-156). (AU)