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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The effect of rainforest fragmentation on species diversity and mimicry ring composition of ithomiine butterflies

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Uehara-Prado, Marcio [1, 2] ; Freitas, Andre V. L. [2]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Programa Posgrad Ecol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Zool, Inst Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Insect Conservation and Diversity; v. 2, n. 1, p. 23-28, FEB 2009.
Web of Science Citations: 15

1. Subfamily Ithomiinae comprises about 370 species of Neotropical butterflies associated with humid forest habitats from Mexico to northern Argentina. Adult Ithomiinae are central models in many mimicry rings throughout their range, and are assumed to have high potential as bio-indicators. Here, we compare diversity and composition of Ithomiinae mimicry rings in continuous vs. fragmented landscapes, and evaluate values these butterflies hold for ecological assessment and monitoring of anthropogenic disturbance. 2. Sampling was carried out at four sites inside a large forest block, the Morro Grande State Reserve, and in five forest fragments in a neighbour-fragmented landscape. Butterflies were sampled with portable traps, baited with a fermented mixture of banana and sugar cane juice. Sampling was carried out during the period most favourable for the capture of ithomiine butterflies in southeastern Brazil. 3. There was no difference between landscapes in species richness and diversity index, but dominance index, and the distributions of tribes and mimicry rings between them was clearly different. The higher average light intensity in the understorey of fragments could explain in part the higher abundance of mimicry patterns typical of open sunny habitats, and concomitantly reduced abundance of clearwing mimicry patterns, typical of shaded habitats. These results confirm the potential of ithomiine assemblages as biological indicators of habitat quality. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 98/05101-8 - Lepidoptera of the State of São Paulo: diversity, distribution, resources, and use for analysis and environmental monitoring
Grantee:Keith Spalding Brown Junior
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 00/01484-1 - Butterfilies as environmental indicators: monitoring with Nymphalidae (Eurytelinae and Satyrinae)
Grantee:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 00/14717-4 - Effects of forest fragmentation on butterfly guilds on the Atlantic Plateau of São Paulo
Grantee:Marcio Uehara Prado
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 99/05123-4 - Biodiversity conservation in fragmented landscapes at the Atlantic Plateau of São Paulo (Brazil)
Grantee:Jean Paul Walter Metzger
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants