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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Biogenic cements from rice hull ash doped with aluminum and iron

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Author(s):
Mahfouz, M. [1] ; Miranda, M. S. [1] ; Oliveira, M. B. R. [1] ; Cassiola, F. [1] ; Rodrigues, F. A. [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] UMC, CIIB, BR-08780911 Mogi Das Cruzes, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Chemosphere; v. 73, n. 5, p. 832-836, OCT 2008.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

This work describes the use of rice hull as starting material for the synthesis of cements doped with iron and aluminum. Rice hull contains about 10-20% of silica along with organic material. In many countries rice hull represents an environmental problem since this material is merely burned at rice fields, rendering suspended silica particles in the air. Dicalcium silicate (beta-Ca2SiO4) is the second most important component of Portland cement and presents many environmental advantages over commercial cement. It can be prepared at lower temperatures saving energy and raw-materials. In this work we describe the synthesis beta-Ca2SiO4 using silica derived from rice hull ash. Silica was obtained from heating rice hull at 600 degrees C. Starting materials (silica, calcium oxide, barium chloride, iron or aluminum oxide) were weighed in stoichiometric proportions and aqueous dispersions having water:solid ratio of approximate to 20:1 were prepared and treated in an ultrasonic bath for 60 min. After this, an intermediate silicate and the excess of calcium hydroxide were obtained. Finally solids were dried, grounded and heated up to 800 degrees C. It was observed that beta-Ca2SiO4 was obtained when dopant concentration was limited to 1%. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 05/01361-0 - Study of the reactivity of beta-Ca2SiO4 obtained from rice rull ash
Grantee:Flávio Aparecido Rodrigues
Support type: Regular Research Grants