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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Erythrina speciosa (Leguminosae-Papilionoideae) under soil water saturation: morphophysiological and growth responses

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Author(s):
Medina, Camilo L. [1] ; Sanches, Maria Cristina [2] ; Tucci, Maria Luiza S. [3] ; Sousa, Carlos A. F. [4] ; Cuzzuol, Geraldo Rogerio F. [5] ; Joly, Carlos A. [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Vegetal, IB, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Uberlandia, Inst Biol, BR-38400902 Uberlandia, MG - Brazil
[3] Inst Agron IAC, CHORT, BR-13001970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] EMBRAPA Meio Norte, BR-64006220 Teresina, PI - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Espirito Santo, BR-29060900 Campos De Goiabeiras, ES - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANNALS OF BOTANY; v. 104, n. 4, p. 671-680, SEP 2009.
Web of Science Citations: 23
Abstract

Erythrina speciosa is a Neotropical tree that grows mainly in moist habitats. To characterize the physiological, morphological and growth responses to soil water saturation, young plants of E. speciosa were subjected experimentally to soil flooding. Flooding was imposed from 2 to 4 cm above the soil surface in water-filled tanks for 60 d. Non-flooded (control) plants were well watered, but never flooded. The net CO(2) exchange (A(CO2)), stomatal conductance (g(s)) and intercellular CO(2) concentration (C(i)) were assessed for 60 d. Soluble sugar and free amino acid concentrations and the proportion of free amino acids were determined at 0, 7, 10, 21, 28 and 45 d of treatments. After 28, 45 and 60 d, dry masses of leaves, stems and roots were determined. Stem and root cross-sections were viewed using light microscopy. The A(CO2) and g(s) were severely reduced by flooding treatment, but only for the first 10 d. The soluble sugars and free amino acids increased until the tenth day but decreased subsequently. The content of asparagine in the roots showed a drastic decrease while those of alanine and gamma-aminobutyric increased sharply throughout the first 10 d after flooding. From the 20th day on, the flooded plants reached A(CO2) and g(s) values similar to those observed for non-flooded plants. These events were coupled with the development of lenticels, adventitious roots and aerenchyma tissue of honeycomb type. Flooding reduced the growth rate and altered carbon allocation. The biomass allocated to the stem was higher and the root mass ratio was lower for flooded plants when compared with non-flooded plants. Erythrina speciosa showed 100 % survival until the 60th day of flooding and was able to recover its metabolism. The recovery during soil flooding seems to be associated with morphological alterations, such as development of hypertrophic lenticels, adventitious roots and aerenchyma tissue, and with the maintenance of neutral amino acids in roots under long-term exposure to root-zone O(2) deprivation. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 03/12595-7 - Floristic composition, structure and functioning of the Dense Rainforest nuclei of Picinguaba and Santa Virgínia of Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, State of São Paulo, Brazil
Grantee:Carlos Alfredo Joly
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants