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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis and Skinfold Thickness Sum in Assessing Body Fat Mass of Renal Dialysis Patients

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Author(s):
Lima Rodrigues, Natalia Cristina ; Sala, Priscila Campos ; Horie, Lilian Mika ; Goncalves Dias, Maria Carolina ; Matos de Miranda Torrinhas, Raquel Susana [1] ; Romao, Jr., Joao Egidio [2] ; Cecconello, Ivan ; Waitzberg, Dan Linetzky
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Lab Nutr & Cirurgia Metab Aparelho Digest LIM 35, Digest Surg Div, Dept Gastroenterol, Sch Med, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Nephrol, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF RENAL NUTRITION; v. 22, n. 4, p. 409+, JUL 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Objective: In chronic renal failure patients under hemodialysis (HD) treatment, the availability of simple, safe, and effective tools to assess body composition enables evaluation of body composition accurately, in spite of changes in body fluids that occur in dialysis therapy, thus contributing to planning and monitoring of nutritional treatment. We evaluated the performance of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and the skinfold thickness sum (SKF) to assess fat mass (FM) in chronic renal failure patients before (BHD) and after (AHD) HD, using air displacement plethysmography (ADP) as the standard method. Design: This single-center cross-sectional trial involved comparing the FM of 60 HD patients estimated BHD and AHD by BIA (multifrequential; 29 women, 31 men) and by SKF with those estimated by the reference method, ADP. Body fat-free mass (FFM) was also obtained by subtracting the total body fat from the individual total weight. Results: Mean estimated FM (kg {[}%]) observed by ADP BHD was 17.95 +/- 0.99 kg (30.11% +/- 1.30%), with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 16.00 to 19.90 (27.56 to 32.66); mean estimated FM observed AHD was 17.92 +/- 1.11 kg (30.04% +/- 1.40%), with a 95% CI of 15.74 to 20.10 (27.28 to 32.79). Neither study period showed a difference in FM and FFM (for both kg and %) estimates by the SKF method when compared with ADP; however, the BIA underestimated the FM and overestimated the FFM (for both kg and %) when compared with ADP. Conclusion: The SKF, but not the BIA, method showed results similar to ADP and can be considered adequate for FM evaluation in HD patients. (C) 2012 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)