Nogueira, S. F.
Pereira, B. F. F.
Gomes, T. M.
de Paula, A. M.
dos Santos, J. A.
Montes, C. R.
Total Authors: 6
 Embrapa Satellite Monitoring, BR-13070115 Campinas, SP - Brazil
 Univ Fed Amazonas UFAM, Setor Sul Fac Ciencias Agr, BR-69077000 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Zootecnia & Engn Alimentos, BR-13635900 Pirassununga, SP - Brazil
 Univ Fed Parana UFPR, BR-85950000 Palotina, Parana - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Econ Adm & Sociol, BR-13416903 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, BR-13416903 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Agricultural Water Management;
JAN 1 2013.
Web of Science Citations:
This study investigated the effects of irrigation using treated sewage effluent (TSE) combined with nitrogen (N) fertilization on the productivity and quality of bermudagrass, and on its economic feasibility under tropical conditions. The treatments employed were SI - no irrigation and no fertilization; A100 (control) - irrigation with potable water plus 520 kg N ha(-1) year(-1) provided as NH4NO3; E0, E33, E66, and E100: irrigation with treated sewage effluent plus 0, 172, 343 and 520 kg N ha(-1) year(-1) as NH4NO3, respectively. Chemical properties of TSE, shoot dry matter production, N concentration in bermudagrass were determined, and benefit-cost and economic viability analyses were carried out. Tree years of irrigation with TSE had agronomical benefits to bermudagrass such as: (i) saving 33% in N fertilizer by adding of 275 kg N ha(-1) year(-1), increasing N accumulation in the soil; (ii) providing 70% of the N as NH4+, which is the form most quickly assimilated by the plants; (iii) building up dry matter production with 7 Mg ha(-1) year(-1) and (iv) increasing leaf N concentration in leaf tissue. The main benefit of TSE irrigation occurs in drought seasons with the increase in N concentration in bermudagrass shoots. Higher N concentration in leaf tissue elevates the quality and the sales price for the grass harvested, thus optimizing the benefit-cost ratio for the producer. Therefore, TSE irrigation is a viable cost-effective alternative if the N concentration in the leaf tissue is considered in the sales price. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)