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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Riboflavin-Photosensitized Oxidation Is Enhanced by Conjugation in Unsaturated Lipids

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Cardoso, Daniel R. [1] ; Scurachio, Regina S. [1] ; Santos, Willy G. [1] ; Homem-de-Mello, Paula [2] ; Skibsted, Leif H. [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed ABC, BR-09210170 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Copenhagen, Dept Food Sci, Fac Life Sci, DK-1958 Frederiksberg C - Denmark
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry; v. 61, n. 9, p. 2268-2275, MAR 6 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 11

Methyl esters of polyunsaturated fatty acids were found to quench triplet-excited riboflavin ((3)Rib) in efficient bimolecular reactions with rate constants, as determined by laser flash photolysis, linearly depending upon the number of bis-allylic methylene (from 1 to 5). Deactivation of (3)Rib is predicted by combining the experimental second-order rate constants k(2) determined for acetonitrile/water (8:2, v/v) at 25 degrees C with density functional theory (DFT) calculations of bond dissociation energy to have an upper limiting value of 1.22 x 10(7) L mol(-1) s(-1) for hydrogen abstraction from bis-allylic methylene groups in unsaturated lipid by 3Rib. Still, ergosterol was found to deactivate (3)Rib with k(2) = 6.2 x 10(8) L mol(-1) s(-1), which is more efficient than cholesterol, with 6.9 x 10(7) L mol(-1) s(-1). Likewise conjugated (9E,11E) methyl linoleate (CLA) reacts with 3.3 x 10(7) L mol(-1) s(-1), 30 times more efficient than previously found for methyl alpha-linolenate. Conjugation as in CLA and ergosterol is concluded to enhance (3)Rib deactivation, and dietary plant sterols and CLA may accordingly be important macronutrients for eye and skin health, protecting against light exposure through efficient deactivation of (3)Rib. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/51555-7 - Bread and meat for the future
Grantee:Daniel Rodrigues Cardoso
Support type: Regular Research Grants