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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Description of two new species of Avicularia Lamarck 1818 and redescription of Avicularia diversipes (C.L. Koch 1842) (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae)-three possibly threatened Brazilian species

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Author(s):
Bertani, Rogério [1] ; Fukushima, Caroline Sayuri [2]
Total Authors: 2
Affiliation:
[1] São Paulo (Estado). Secretaria de Estado da Saúde. Instituto Butantan - Brasil
[2] São Paulo (Estado). Secretaria de Estado da Saúde. Instituto Butantan - Brasil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Zootaxa; v. 2223, p. 25-47, Sept. 2009.
Field of knowledge: Biological Sciences - Zoology
Abstract

Avicularia diversipes (C.L. Koch 1842) known previously only from its original description is redescribed along with Avicularia sooretama sp. nov. and Avicularia gamba sp. nov. The three species are endemic to Brazilian Atlantic rainforest. With other Avicularia species, they share a procurved anterior eye row, slender embolus and medially folded spermathecae, whereas they have unusual characters, such as a very long and spiraled embolus (A. diversipes) and spermathecae with multilobular apex (A. sooretama sp. nov.). Furthermore, the three species lack a tibial apophysis in males and share a distinctive color pattern ontogeny that is not known in any other Avicularia species. The conservation status of the three species is discussed, especially with respect to endemism, illegal trafficking and habitat destruction. The creation of protected areas in southern State of Bahia, Brazil, is recommended, as well as the inclusion of these species in IUCN and CITES lists. Appendices with figures and species information are presented to facilitate correct specimen identification by custom officers, in order to limit illegal traffic. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 03/12587-4 - Systematics and zoogeography of neotropical teraphosid spiders (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Theraphosidae)
Grantee:Rogerio Bertani
Support type: Regular Research Grants