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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A new lithostratigraphic subdivision and geodynamic model for the Pan-African western Saldania Belt, South Africa

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Author(s):
Frimmel, Hartwig E. [1, 2] ; Basei, Miguel A. S. [3] ; Correa, Vinicius X. [3] ; Mbangula, Ndawedapo [1, 4]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Cape Town, Dept Geol Sci, ZA-7701 Rondebosch - South Africa
[2] Univ Wurzburg, Inst Geog & Geol, D-97074 Wurzburg - Germany
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, BR-01498 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Rosh Pinah Zinc Mine, Rosh Pinah - Namibia
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Precambrian Research; v. 231, p. 218-235, JUL 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 38
Abstract

A provenance study involving U-Pb and Lu-Hf isotope analyses of detrital zircon grains as well as whole rock geochemical, Rb-Sr. Sm-Nd and Pb isotope analyses of siliciclastic metasedimentary rocks from the principal tectonostratigraphic units of the Pan-African western branch of the Saldania Belt in South Africa revealed age relationships and source domains that are not compatible with current stratigraphic schemes and geodynamic models for the evolution of this belt. The previous subdivision into three terranes cannot be upheld. The sediments in both the former Tygerberg and Swartland terranes seemingly have the same provenance but differ from those in the former Boland Terrane. The latter is considered a para-autochthonous zone on top of basement rocks of the late Mesoproterozoic Namaqua-Natal Belt. On the basis of our new data it is recommended to unify the former Tygerberg and Swartland terranes into a single terrane for which the name Malmesbury Terrane is proposed. The Colenso Fault, previously regarded as a terrane boundary, is reinterpreted as reactivated old structure inherited from the basement within the Malmesbury Terrane, whereas the major terrane-bounding fault is the Piketberg-Wellington Fault, which can be linked most likely with the Schakalsberge Thrust further north in the Gariep Belt. The age of sedimentation is constrained within a narrow time window between 557 and 552 Ma in the Malmesbury Terrane and between 609 and 532 Ma in the Boland Zone. No evidence of older, Cryogenian sedimentary rocks could be found, except for the volcanic-dominated Bridgetown Formation, which is presumably a tectonic sliver. The Cambrian Klipheuwel Group is undoubtedly younger than, and unrelated with regard to its provenance to, the other Saldanian sediments. All geochemical evidence points to an active continental margin as source for the sediments in the Malmesbury Terrane and Boland Zone. While the ages of the detritus in the former are strongly dominated by Neoproterozoic, especially Cryogenian, ages, those in the Boland Zone are mainly early Tonian and late Mesoproterozoic. The most likely source of the Cryogenian detritus is the Dionisio Cuchilla-Pelotas magmatic arc in southeastern Brazil and Uruguay, which formed within a splinter of Kalahari Craton, i.e. Arachania. A back-arc position relative to that arc is inferred for the depo-basin in which the redefined Malmesbury Group, making up the Neoproterozoic succession of the Malmesbury Terrane, was deposited. Consequently, our new data support the hypothesis that the Neoproterozoic successions of the western Saldania Belt and their northern equivalents in the western Gariep Belt do not reflect a full Wilson Cycle but only the waning stages of an Ediacaran back-arc basin. The main suture between the Kalahari and Rio de la Plata cratons must be located, therefore, to the west of the Dionisio Cuchilla-Pelotas magmatic arc, probably along the Major Gercino-Sierra Balena Lineament within southeastern South America. This implies that the opening of the modern South Atlantic followed to a large extent the axis of the postulated former Ediacaran back-arc basin. (c) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 05/58688-1 - South America in the context of supercontinents: fusion and fission
Grantee:Miguel Angelo Stipp Basei
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants