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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Frequency and spectrum of hemoglobinopathy mutations in a Uruguayan pediatric population

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Da Luz, Julio [1] ; Avila, Amalia [1] ; Icasuriaga, Sandra [2] ; Gongora, Maria [3] ; Castillo, Luis [3] ; Serron, Alejandra [1] ; Kimura, Elza Miyuki [4] ; Costa, Fernando Ferreira [5] ; Sans, Monica [6] ; Sonati, Maria de Fatima [4]
Total Authors: 10
[1] Univ Republica, Fac Med, Dept Genet, Montevideo - Uruguay
[2] Ctr Hosp Pereira Rosell, Dept Lab Clin, Montevideo - Uruguay
[3] Ctr Hosp Pereira Rosell, Serv Hematooncol Pediat, Montevideo - Uruguay
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Ciencias Med, Dept Patol Clin, BR-13083887 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Ciencias Med, Hemocentro, BR-13083887 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Republica, Fac Humanidades & Ciencias Educ, Dept Biol Anthropol, Montevideo - Uruguay
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY; v. 36, n. 3, p. 316-322, 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Hemoglobinopathies are the most common recessive diseases worldwide but their prevalence in Uruguay has not been investigated. In this study, 397 unrelated outpatient children from the Pereira Rosell Hospital Center (CHPR), as well as 31 selected patients with microcytic anemia and 28 beta-thalassemia carriers were analyzed for hemoglobinopathies by using biochemical and molecular biology methods. Parametric and non-parametric methods were used to compare the hematological indices between groups of genotypes. Of the 397 patients in the first group, approximately 1% (0.76% HbS and 0.25% beta-thalassemia) had a mutation in the HBB gene and 3.3% had alpha-thalassemia. These mutations had a heterogeneous distribution that varied according to individual ancestry. HbS was found exclusively in individuals with declared African ancestry and had a carrier frequency of 2.2%. The frequency of alpha-thalassemia carriers in outpatients of European and African ancestry was 1.2% and 6.5%, respectively. In contrast, the frequency of alpha-thalassemia carriers in patients with microcytic anemia was 25.8%, significantly higher (p < 0.01) than that observed in the sample as a whole and in Afro-descendants and Euro-descendants. Significant differences were observed in the hematological parameters between individuals with thalassemia genotypes and those with a normal genotype. These results indicate that hemoglobinopathies are a relevant health problem in Uruguay. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57441-0 - Clinical, cellular and molecular alterations in hemoglobinopathies and other hereditary hemolytic anemias
Grantee:Fernando Ferreira Costa
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants