Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Chemical diversity and spatial variability in myriad lakes in Nhecolandia in the Pantanal wetlands of Brazil

Full text
Author(s):
Furian, Sonia [1] ; Curti Martins, Elisangela Rosemeri [1] ; Parizotto, Tatiana Mascari [1] ; Rezende-Filho, Ary Tavares [2] ; Victoria, Reynaldo Luiz [3] ; Barbiero, Laurent [3, 4]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Geog, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Mato Grosso do Sul, Dept Geog, Nova Andradina - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Energia Nucl Agr, Piracicaba - Brazil
[4] Univ Toulouse, Geosci Environm Toulouse, Inst Rech Dev, Toulouse - France
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Limnology and Oceanography; v. 58, n. 6, p. 2249-2261, NOV 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 13
Abstract

Nearly 15,000 shallow, saline or freshwater lakes and ponds coexist in close proximity in the Nhecolandia, a 24,000 km(2) subregion of the Pantanal wetland in Brazil. This study aims to understand the origin of such diversity in surface water, which is a key aspect for the wetland services and biodiversity in the region. Both soil observations and water samples were collected at the regional or local scale and supplemented by previously published data sets. Statistical and geostatistical treatments were carried out and completed by discrete water-table monitoring. The results confirmed the absence of a regional pattern in surface-water salinity, and the independence of electrical conductivity values, even for neighboring lakes. Despite great differences in chemical composition, all surface waters in the region belong to the same chemical family, corresponding to several concentration stages of the Taquari River water that supplies the region. The concentration stage depends on the hydrological functioning of each lake, which is itself controlled by the relative importance of low-permeability soils as a barrier to movement of water into or out of the lakes through the subsurface. In this framework, oligosaline ponds, freshwater lakes, and saline lakes work as recharge, flow-through, and discharge wetlands, respectively. The salinity observed in some lakes results from an ongoing process of accumulation and evaporation under relatively humid climatic conditions and poor drainage. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/58089-9 - The role of rivers on the regional carbon cycle
Grantee:Maria Victoria Ramos Ballester
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/12770-0 - Soil and water processes at the upper Paraguay basin, Pantanal Wetland
Grantee:Sonia Maria Furian
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 08/09086-7 - Pantanal wetlands: soil-water interactions in the sub-regions of the Pantanal
Grantee:Sonia Maria Furian
Support type: Regular Research Grants