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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The Lignan (-)-Hinokinin Displays Modulatory Effects on Human Monoamine and GABA Transporter Activities

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Timple, Julie Marie V. [1] ; Magalhaes, Lizandra Guidi [2] ; Souza Rezende, Karen Cristina [2] ; Pereira, Ana Carolina [2] ; Cunha, Wilson Roberto [2] ; Andrade e Silva, Marcio Luis [2] ; Mortensen, Ole Valente [1] ; Fontana, Andreia C. K. [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Drexel Univ, Coll Med, Dept Pharmacol & Physiol, Philadelphia, PA 19102 - USA
[2] Univ Franca, Nucleo Pesquisas Ciencias Exatas & Tecnol, BR-14404600 Franca, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Natural Products; v. 76, n. 10, p. 1889-1895, OCT 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 11

The neurotransmitter transporters of the SLC6 family play critical roles in the regulation of neurotransmission and are the primary targets of therapeutic agents used to treat clinical disorders involving compromised neurotransmitter signaling. The dopamine and norepinephrine transporters have been implicated in clinical disorders such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and substance abuse. The GABA transporters (GATs) serve as a target for anxiolytic, antidepressant, and antiepileptic therapies. In this work, the interaction with neurotransmitter transporters was characterized for a derivative of the lignan (-)-cubebin (1), namely, (-)-hinokinin (2). Using in vitro pharmacological assays, 2 selectively inhibited the human dopamine and norepinephrine transporters, in a noncompetitive manner possibly mediated by binding to a novel site within the transporters, and displayed low affinity for the serotonin transporter. Compound 2 also specifically inhibited the GAT-1 GABA transporter subtype. Compound 2 is not a substrate of the carriers as it had no effect on the efflux of either of the neurotransmitters investigated. This compound is inactive toward glutamate and glycine transporters. These results suggest that 2 may serve as a tool to develop new therapeutic drugs for ADHD and anxiety that target the DAT, NET, and GAT-1 transporters. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/02717-1 - Isolation, some semi-synthetic obtainment and biological activity evaluation of the some lignans isolated from dry seeds of Piper cubeba
Grantee:Márcio Luís Andrade e Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 09/15207-4 - Evaluation of the effect of lignans and neolignans on Schistosoma mansoni: a proteomic study
Grantee:Lizandra Guidi Magalhães
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate