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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)


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Menezes, R. B. [1] ; Steiner, J. E. [1] ; Ricci, T. V. [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Astrophysical Journal Letters; v. 762, n. 2 JAN 10 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Due to its proximity, the mass of the supermassive black hole in the nucleus of the Andromeda galaxy (M31), the most massive black hole in the Local Group of galaxies, has been measured by several methods involving the kinematics of a stellar disk which surrounds it. We report here the discovery of an eccentric H alpha emitting disk around the black hole at the center of M31 and show how modeling this disk can provide an independent determination of the mass of the black hole. Our model implies a mass of 5.0(-1.0)(+0.8) x 10(7) M-circle dot for the central black hole, consistent with the average of determinations by methods involving stellar dynamics, and compatible (at 1 sigma level) with measurements obtained from the most detailed models of the stellar disk around the central black hole. This value is also consistent with the M-sigma relation. In order to make a comparison, we applied our simulation on the stellar kinematics in the nucleus of M31 and concluded that the parameters obtained for the stellar disk are not formally compatible with the parameters obtained for the H alpha emitting disk. This result suggests that the stellar and the H alpha emitting disks are intrinsically different from each other. A plausible explanation is that the H alpha emission is associated with a gaseous disk. This hypothesis is supported by the detection of traces of weaker nebular lines in the nuclear region of M31. However, we cannot exclude the possibility that the H alpha emission is, at least partially, generated by stars. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/11087-1 - The nature of LINERs
Grantee:Roberto Bertoldo Menezes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 08/06988-0 - Characterization and environment of low luminosity active nuclei
Grantee:Tiago Vecchi Ricci
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate