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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Wear resistance of a pressable low-fusing ceramic opposed by dental alloys

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Lapria Faria, Adriana Claudia [1] ; de Oliveira, Andre Almeida [1] ; Gomes, Erica Alves [1] ; Silveira Rodrigues, Renata Cristina [1] ; Ribeiro, Ricardo Faria [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Dent Mat & Prosthodont, Dent Sch Ribeirao Preto, BR-14040904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 7

Dental alloys have increasingly replaced by dental ceramics in dentistry because of aesthetics. As both dental alloys and ceramics can be present in the oral cavity, the evaluation of the wear resistance of ceramics opposed by dental alloys is important. The aim of the present study was to evaluate wear resistance of a pressable low-fusing ceramic opposed by dental alloys as well as the microhardness of the alloys and the possible correlation of wear and antagonist microhardness. Fifteen stylus tips samples of pressable low-fusing ceramic were obtained, polished and glazed. Samples were divided into three groups according to the disk of alloy/metal to be used as antagonist: Nickel-Chromium (Ni-Cr), Cobalt-Chromium (Co-Cr) and commercially pure titanium (cp Ti). Vickers microhardness of antagonist disks was evaluated before wear tests. Then, antagonist disks were sandblasted until surface roughness was adjusted to 0.75 mu m. Wear tests were performed at a speed of 60 cycles/min and distance of 10 mm, in a total of 300,000 cycles. Before and after wear tests, samples were weighted and had their profile designed in an optical comparator to evaluate weight and height loss, respectively. Ni-Cr and cp Ti caused greater wear than Co-Cr, presenting greater weight (p=.009) and height (p=.002) loss. Cp Ti microhardness was lower than Ni-Cr and Co-Cr (p<.05). There is a positive correlation between weight and height loss (p<.05), but weight (p=.204) and height (p=.05) loss are not correlated to microhardness. The results suggest that pressable low-fusing ceramic presents different wear according to the dental alloy used as antagonist and the wear is not affected by antagonist microhardness. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/21778-4 - Wear resistance of a pressable low-fusing ceramic opposing conventional dental alloys and CP Ti
Grantee:André Almeida de Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation