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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Prediction of the combustion process in fluidized bed based on physical-chemical properties of biomass particles and their hydrodynamic behaviors

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Author(s):
Pecora, Arai A. B. [1] ; Avila, Ivonete [2, 3] ; Lira, Claudio S. [1] ; Cruz, Glauber [2] ; Crnkovic, Paula M. [4, 2]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] UNICAMP Univ Campinas, Sch Mech Engn, BR-13083860 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Mech Engn, Sch Engn, BR-13560000 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Energy, BR-12516410 Guaratingueta, SP - Brazil
[4] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Chem, BR-14800900 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Fuel Processing Technology; v. 124, p. 188-197, AUG 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 13
Abstract

The utilization of biomass in fluidized bed reactors is due to alternatives created by the carbon credit market and to environmental concerns. This fact calls for an accurate determination of physical-chemical properties and hydrodynamic studies on biomass-inert binary mixtures. In bubbling fluidized bed combustion processes, the inert material mass is approximately 95% of the total mass of the bed material, and an effective mixture between biomass and inert particles is desired to improve the efficiency of the process. In this study, binary mixtures, composed of biomass and sand as an inert material, were used. Thermal and physical-chemical properties of five biomass samples (sugarcane bagasse, pine sawdust, coffee husk, Tucuma seed, and rice husk) were experimentally evaluated. The morphology of the samples was determined by SEM, and the thermal properties were found by thermogravimetric analysis (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). The hydrodynamic study was carried out in a fluidized bed at room temperature and local atmospheric pressure, in which the minimum fluidization velocity and voidage of the biomass-inert binary mixture were evaluated. The arrangement of the physical-chemical characteristics of biomass and the hydrodynamics of the binary mixture are equally important for predictions of the biomass behavior in fluidized bed combustors. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/00639-9 - Studies of thermal behavior and emissions of biomasses in typical atmospheres of conventional combustion and oxy-fuel combustion
Grantee:Paula Cristina Garcia Manoel Crnkovic
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Regular Program Grants