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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Endovascular model of abdominal aortic aneurysm induction in swine

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Lederman, Alex [1, 2] ; Saliture Neto, Fernando Tavares [2] ; Ferreira, Rimarcs [3] ; Poli de Figueiredo, Luis Francisco [4] ; Otoch, Jose Pinhata [4] ; Aun, Ricardo [2, 4] ; da Silva, Erasmo Simao [4]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Univ Hosp, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Escola Paulista Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: VASCULAR MEDICINE; v. 19, n. 3, p. 167-174, JUN 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Abdominal aortic aneurysms are among the main causes of death. The high morbidity and mortality associated with aneurysm rupture and repair represents a challenge for surgeons and high risk for patients. Although experimental models are useful to understand, train, and develop new treatment and diagnostic methods for this pathology, animal models developed to date are far from ideal. Animals are either too small and do not represent the pathology of humans, or the procedures employ laparotomy, or the aortic behavior does not resemble that of a true aneurysm. We developed a novel, less invasive and effective method to induce true aortic aneurysms in Large White pigs. Animals were submitted to an endovascular chemical induction using either calcium chloride (25%) or swine pancreatic elastase. Controls were exposed to saline solution. All animals were operated on using the same surgical technique under general anesthesia. They were followed weekly with ultrasound examinations and at 4 weeks the aorta was harvested. Although elastase induced only arterial dilation, imaging, histological, and biomechanical studies of the aorta revealed the formation of true aneurysms in animals exposed to calcium chloride. Aneurysms in the latter group had biomechanical failure properties similar to those of human aneurysms. These findings indicate that the endovascular approach is viable and does not cause retroperitoneal fibrosis. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/07307-6 - Abdominal aortic aneurysm induction - an endovascular model in pigs
Grantee:Erasmo Simão da Silva
Support type: Regular Research Grants