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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of Sorbitan Monostearate and Monooleate on the Crystallization and Consistency Behaviors of Cocoa Butter

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Author(s):
Masuchi, Monise Helen [1] ; Grimaldi, Renato [2] ; Kieckbusch, Theo Guenter [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Chem Engn, BR-13083852 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Food Engn, BR-13083852 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS SOCIETY; v. 91, n. 7, p. 1111-1120, JUL 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 14
Abstract

The crystallization behavior of cocoa butter (CB) is the essential structuration issue in the development of chocolate products. An alternative to modify and control the crystallization patterns of CB in chocolate production is the incorporation of specific emulsifiers in their formulations. In this work, the effects of sorbitan monostearate (SMS) and sorbitan monooleate (SMO) in the crystallization and consistency behaviors as well as on the microstructure of CB were evaluated. CB samples at three different concentrations (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 % w/w) of SMS and SMO were prepared and their main physical-chemical attributes determined. CB added with 1.5 % of SMS showed the largest effects with a sharp increase in the onset of the crystallization temperature (from 19.3 to 23.8 A degrees C) and doubling the yield value (consistency) of pure cocoa butter. The classic two-step isothermal crystallization behavior and morphology of CB were also modified with the addition of SMS. A possible explanation based on the solubility of SMS in an organic medium and its ability of self-assembling was suggested as a mechanism for SMS performance in CB. SMS was considered as a potential crystal modifier for CB by changing its crystal structure and enhancing its thermal resistance-factors that favor the use of this emulsifier in the production of improved thermally stable chocolates. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/10871-6 - Comparative study of the influence of emulsifiers sorbitan esters and sucrose esters on the crystallization behaviour and polymorphism of cocoa butter and lipid model system
Grantee:Monise Helen Masuchi Buscato
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 09/53006-0 - Modification, control and stabilization of the crystallization and polymorphic behavior of fats, with emphasis in cocoa butter and palm oil
Grantee:Theo Guenter Kieckbusch
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants