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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Traveling planetary wave ionospheric disturbances and their role in the generation of equatorial spread-F and GPS phase fluctuations during the last extreme low solar activity and comparison with high solar activity

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de Abreu, A. J. [1] ; Fagundes, P. R. [1] ; Bolzan, M. J. A. [2] ; Gende, M. [3] ; Brunini, C. [3] ; de Jesus, R. [1] ; Pillat, V. G. [1] ; Abalde, J. R. [1] ; Lima, W. L. C. [4]
Total Authors: 9
[1] Univ Vale Paraiba UNIVAP, Dept Fis & Astron, Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Goias, Fis Lab, Goiania, Go - Brazil
[3] Univ Nacl La Plata, Fac Ciencias Astron & Geofis, La Plata, Buenos Aires - Argentina
[4] Ctr Univ Luterano Palmas, Palmas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 9

This investigation studies traveling planetary wave ionospheric disturbance (TPWID) type oscillations on the modulation of the F region virtual height rise during the Ex B electric field pre-reversal enhancement (PRE), near sunset hours. We also studied their role in the generation of equatorial spread F (ESF) and GPS phase fluctuations during periods of the last extreme low solar activity (LSA) of January 2009 to April 2010 ((F10.7) over bar = 73). A comparison is made with periods of high solar activity (HSA) in 2003 and 2004 near equatorial region. The ionospheric irregularities investigated are medium (bottom-side) and large (plasma bubble) scales. Ionospheric F region oscillations with period of days are due to the TPWIDs, which play an important role in producing favorable or unfavorable conditions for equatorial ionospheric irregularities, changing the electron vertical profile and F region height In this paper, we present simultaneous ionospheric sounding (ionosonde) and GPS vertical total electron content (vTEC) observations carried out near equatorial region (Palmas 10.2 degrees S, 48.2 degrees W) and low latitude region (Sao Jose dos Campos 23.2 degrees S, 45.9 degrees W; located under the southern crest of the equatorial ionospheric anomaly), Brazil. Observations show that the occurrence of fresh ESF during LSA and HSA and fresh GPS phase fluctuations at equatorial region follow the trend of day-to-day variations in the F region virtual height, which are due to electric field PRE modulated by TPWID wave like oscillations. During LSA, the altitude of 250 km acts as a threshold height for the generation of fresh ionospheric irregularities, whereas during HSA, the threshold height is 300 Ion The observations also found a strong increase in the generation of fresh ionospheric irregularities from October 2009 to March 2010 during LSA and fromSeptember 2003 to March 2004 during the HSA. Furthermore, in LSA, the period of fresh ionospheric irregularities was less than during HSA, though both periods followed a similar seasonal pattern. In the lowlatitude, we observed more ESFs than phase fluctuations because ionosonde is more sensitive than GPS. We also observed periods with and without day-to-day oscillations in the F region virtual height The observations made by GPS stations and ionosondes in the equatorial region, for much of the period analyzed, presented similar results with regard to the generation of equatorial ionospheric irregularities. In the low latitude, some nights of January, February, October, and December 2009 also showed a similarity. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/08445-9 - Study of day-to-day variability of the mesosphere, thermosphere and ionosphere at low latitude and equatorial region, during the solar cycle 24
Grantee:Paulo Roberto Fagundes
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/20270-7 - Studies of the Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances of large and medium scale in the Brazilian sector during the period of ascension of the solar cycle 24
Grantee:Alessandro José de Abreu
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate