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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Aerobic plus resistance training was more effective in improving the visceral adiposity, metabolic profile and inflammatory markers than aerobic training in obese adolescents

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Author(s):
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Damaso, Ana Raimunda [1, 2, 3] ; da Silveira Campos, Raquel Munhoz [2] ; Caranti, Danielle Arisa [1, 3] ; de Piano, Aline [2] ; Fisberg, Mauro [4] ; Foschini, Denis [2] ; Sanches, Priscila de Lima [2] ; Tock, Lian [5] ; Lederman, Henrique Manoel [6] ; Tufik, Sergio [7] ; de Mello, Marco Tulio [7, 2]
Total Authors: 11
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biosci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Post Grad Program Nutr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Post Grad Program Interdisciplinary Hlth Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Pediat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Weight Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Diagnost Imaging, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychobiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES; v. 32, n. 15, p. 1435-1445, 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 29
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine whether aerobic plus resistance training (AT + RT) is more effective than aerobic training (AT) at reducing inflammatory markers and cardiovascular risk in obese adolescents. A total of 139 obese adolescents were enrolled, aged 15-19 years, body mass index (BMI) >= 95th percentile and participated in 1 year of interdisciplinary intervention. They were randomised into two groups: AT (n = 55), AT + RT (n = 61). Blood samples were collected to analyse glycaemia, insulin, the lipid profile, leptin and adiponectin concentrations. Insulin resistance was measured by homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). The AT + RT group showed better results with regard to decreased body fat mass, low-density lipoprotein concentration (LDL-c) levels, subcutaneous and visceral fat and increased body lean mass. Indeed, a reduction of hyperleptinaemia and an increase in adiponectin concentrations, promoting an improvement in the leptin/adiponectin ratio, was observed. Important clinical parameters were improved in both types of exercise; however, AT + RT was more effective in improving the visceral adiposity, metabolic profile and inflammatory markers than AT alone, suggesting clinical applications for the control of intra-abdominal obesity and cardiovascular risk in the paediatric population. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/50414-0 - Influence of hyperleptinemia on inflammatory and atherogenic responses in obese adolescents
Grantee:Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 06/00684-3 - Orexigenic, anorexigenic, pro and pre-inflamatory factors: effects of a multidisciplinary program for weight reduction in obese adolescents
Grantee:Ana Raimunda Dâmaso
Support type: Regular Research Grants