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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of acute and chronic fluoxetine and diazepam on freezing behavior induced by electrical stimulation of dorsolateral and lateral columns of the periaqueductal gray matter

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Borelli, Karina Genaro ; Nobre, Manoel Jorge ; Brandão, Marcus Lira ; Coimbra, Norberto Cysne
Número total de Autores: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior; v. 77, n. 3, p. 557-566, Mar. 2004.
Área do conhecimento: Ciências Biológicas - Farmacologia
Assunto(s):Serotonina   Pânico   Aminoácidos   GABA
Resumo

The defensive responses induced by electrical stimulation of the dorsal periaqueductal gray matter (dPAG) of the rat have been proposed as a model of panic attacks in humans. In the present study we investigated the acute and chronic effects of fluoxetine and diazepam on freezing and escape reactions elicited by electrical stimulation of the dorsolateral (dlPAG) and lateral (lPAG) columns of the periaqueductal gray matter (PAG). The frequencies of crossing, rearing, bouts of micturition and fecal boli were also recorded. Electrodes were unilaterally implanted in the brainstem aimed at the PAG. Drug treatments were given daily for 2 weeks with fluoxetine (5, 10 and 20 mg/kg ip), a selective inhibitor of serotonin reuptake, diazepam (1, 2 and 4 mg/kg ip), or saline. Drug effects were assessed acutely (15 min after the first injection) and chronically (15 min after the 14th injection). Chronic, but not acute, administration of fluoxetine caused a significant increase in the threshold of freezing without affecting the escape response elicited by dlPAG/lPAG stimulation. This characteristic pattern of effects could not be attributed to motor deficit, since this drug did not change the number of crossings and rearings. In contrast, no significant threshold changes were observed following acute and chronic treatment with diazepam. These data give further evidence for (a) an antiaversive effect of chronic treatment with fluoxetine, which caused a selective reduction in freezing behavior and neurovegetative responses associated with fearlike reaction elicited by dlPAG/lPAG electrical stimulation; (b) the involvement of the dlPAG and lPAG in the generation and organization of defensive responses and that freezing may probably be associated with panic attacks; and (c) the lack of effect of diazepam in this model is in line with its inefficacy as a panicolytic drug. The study of the unconditioned freezing behavior evoked by dlPAG/lPAG stimulation may constitute a new and interesting model for the study of panic disorder. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/03705-0 - Neurobiologia do medo e do stress
Beneficiário:Marcus Lira Brandão
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 02/01497-1 - Estudo do envolvimento do núcleo magno da rafe, do núcleo gigantocelular e núcleo pré-tectal anterior, e de receptores opiódes, kappa e delta serotoninérgicos 5HT2/1C, e noradrenérgicos alfa, beta, na analgesia pós-cital: um estudo neuroanatômico e neuropsicofisiológico em um modelo experimental de epilepsia
Beneficiário:Daoud Hibrahim Elias Filho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico
Processo FAPESP: 02/01496-5 - Estudo do envolvimento do núcleo magno da rafe, do núcleo gigantocelular e núcleo pré-tectal anterior, e de receptores opióides, mu, kappa e delta serotininérgicos 5-HT2A/2C e noradrenérgicos alfa e beta na analgesia pós-ictal: um estudo neuroanatômico e neuropsicofisiológico em um modelo experimental de epilepsia
Beneficiário:Norberto Cysne Coimbra
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular