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The representation of temporal information in neural activity


Humans and nonhuman animals are able to estimate time intervals of different durations. Intervals from hundreds of milliseconds to seconds are especially important for sensory, motor, and cognitive processes. Although there are a number of theoretical models to explain how temporal processing takes place on this scale, the mechanisms underlying this processing are still largely unknown. One of the main difficulties in understanding these mechanisms is the lack of an electrophysiological marker of temporal processing in electroencephalography (EEG). However, recent studies using methodologies based on multivariate pattern analyzes (MVPA) have shown the potential of these techniques in decoding the representation of information in our central nervous system (CNS). In the present project, we aim to use MVPA methods to investigate how temporal processing occurs. Through three experiments with concomitant recording of EEG, we will investigate how different tasks, intervals and learning modulate the representation of time. (AU)

Articles published in Pesquisa FAPESP Magazine about the research grant:
Aprender a contar el tiempo 
Learning to tell time 
Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
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Scientific publications (8)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RECIO, RENAN SCHIAVOLIN; CRAVO, ANDRE MASCIOLI; DE CAMARGO, RAPHAEL YOKOINGAWA; VAN WASSENHOVE, VIRGINIE. Dissociating the sequential dependency of subjective temporal order from subjective simultaneity. PLoS One, v. 14, n. 10, . (17/25161-8)
BARNE, LOUISE C.; DE LANGE, FLORIS P.; CRAVO, ANDRE M.. Prestimulus alpha power is related to the strength of stimulus representation. CORTEX, v. 132, p. 250-257, . (18/08844-7, 17/25161-8, 16/04258-0)
BILACCHI, CRISTIANO MORAES; PUPO SIRIUS, ESAU VENTURA; CRAVO, ANDRE MASCIOLI; DE AZEVEDO NETO, RAYMUNDO MACHADO. emporal dynamics of implicit memory underlying serial dependenc. MEMORY & COGNITION, v. 50, n. 2, . (17/25161-8, 19/06423-7, 18/08318-3)
BARNE, LOUISE CATHERYNE; CRAVO, ANDRE MASCIOLI; DE LANGE, FLORIS P.; SPAAK, EELKE. Temporal prediction elicits rhythmic preactivation of relevant sensory cortices. European Journal of Neuroscience, . (17/25161-8, 18/08844-7, 16/04258-0)
NEPOMOCENO, ESTELA B.; CRAVO, ANDRE M.; REYES, MARCELO B.; CAETANO, MARCELO S.. Temporal regularity and stimulus control in multiple fixed interval schedules. Behavioural Processes, v. 171, . (17/25161-8, 14/50909-8, 14/22918-2)
TUNES, GABRIELA C.; DE OLIVEIRA, ELIEZYER FERMINO; VIEIRA, ESTEVAO U. P.; CAETANO, MARCELO S.; CRAVO, ANDRE M.; BUSSOTTI REYES, MARCELO. Time encoding migrates from prefrontal cortex to dorsal striatum during learning of a self-timed response duration task. eLIFE, v. 11, p. 19-pg., . (16/05473-2, 14/50909-8, 18/20277-0, 17/03729-2, 17/25161-8)
CRAVO, ANDRE MASCIOLI; DE AZEVEDO, GUSTAVO BRITO; BILACCHI AZARIAS, CRISTIANO MORAES; BARNE, LOUISE CATHERYNE; BUENO, FERNANDA DANTAS; DE CAMARGO, RAPHAEL Y.; MORITA, VANESSA CARNEIRO; PUPO SIRIUS, ESAU VENTURA; RECIO, RENAN SCHIAVOLIN; SILVESTRIN, MATEUS; et al. Time experience during social distancing: A longitudinal study during the first months of COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. SCIENCE ADVANCES, v. 8, n. 15, p. 18-pg., . (19/06423-7, 16/24951-2, 19/25572-3, 17/25161-8, 17/24575-3)
REYES, MARCELO BUSSOTTI; DE MIRANDA, DIEGO HENRIQUE; TUNES, GABRIELA CHIUFFA; CRAVO, ANDRE MASCIOLI; CAETANO, MARCELO SALVADOR. Rats can learn a temporal task in a single session. Behavioural Processes, v. 170, . (17/25161-8, 16/18914-7, 14/50909-8)

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