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Validation of Infantile Scale of Social Attitudes toward Inclusion


The social attitudes toward inclusion are constituted as important variables of the school context in which we try to construct the inclusive education. The social attitudes of teachers, other professionals of the Education and university students of different courses have been investigated thoroughly, but the study of the Elementary School students' social attitudes is still incipient. Intending to contribute for the development of studies about the social attitudes toward inclusion, among Elementary School students, the aim of this project is to validate and to standardize the Infantile Scale of Social Attitudes toward Inclusion that already has been used even without the study of its psychometric properties. A brief manual for users will be elaborated in order to favor the use of the scale. The data will be collected together with about 800 Elementary School students, belonging to different schools from different regions of the country. The infantile scale to be used in data collection is compounded of 20 items. Statistical analysis will be accomplished using individual scores, involving item analysis and the study of reliability and validity. The item analysis will be accomplished by means of Student t test and chi-square. The reliability will be verified by the procedure of split half. The validity will be proved by means of two procedures: comparison of attitudes scores before and after an intervention with the purpose of changing them, and comparison of attitudes scores of recognizably different groups. The manual for the use of the infantile scale will contain orientations about the application, correction, data analysis and interpretation of results. (AU)

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