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Contribuition of the ELASTOSONOGRAPHIC and computed tomography examinations in dogs affected by visceral leishmaniasis

Grant number: 18/21048-5
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: May 01, 2019 - April 30, 2021
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Veterinary Medicine
Principal Investigator:Maria Jaqueline Mamprim de Arruda Monteiro
Grantee:Maria Jaqueline Mamprim de Arruda Monteiro
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia (FMVZ). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Leishmaniasis is one of the most important parasitic endemics in public health in the world, due to its wide geographical distribution with a high number of cases, such Asia, Africa, Middle East, America e Europe. Domestic canids have been considered the main reservoir of the parasite for humans. Nowadays, the number of dogs that have close contact with the owners is increasing, and this fact may be an aggravating factor in the situation of leishmaniasis, since the same asymptomatic dogs can be a source of infection for the phlebotomids. The diagnosis of canine leishmaniasis is complex since the clinical and pathological abnormalities are quite unspecific. Imaging methods have shown significant lesions in the dogs affected by the disease. However, despite the importance of the disease, the information regarding imaging diagnosis in canine leishmaniasis is still scarce in the veterinary literature, and they use a low sample number. Therefore, the objective of this study is to perform the thoracic tomographic, spleen and kidney elastographic evaluations in dogs naturally infected by leishmaniasis in order to add diagnostic value to the differential of this disease. (AU)