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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Joint involvement in canine visceral leishmaniasis: Orthopedic physical examination, radiographic and computed tomographic findings

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Author(s):
Silva, Alexandre Redson S. [1] ; Oliveira, Hugo S. [2] ; Gomes, Ana Amelia D. [1] ; Beserra, Hugo Enrique O. [2] ; Silva, Jeana P. [2] ; Santos-Doni, Thais R. [3] ; Tsunemi, Miriam H. [4] ; Marcondes, Mary [5] ; Rahal, Sheila C. [2] ; Mamprim, Maria J. [2]
Total Authors: 10
Affiliation:
[1] Fed Univ Sao Francisco Valley UNIVASF, Ctr Agr Sci, Av Jose de Sa Manicoba S-N, BR-56304917 Petrolina, PE - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Dept Vet Surg & Anim Reprod, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Rua Prof Dr Valter Mauricio Correa S-N, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ Valleys Jequitinhonha & Mucuri UFVJM, Inst Agr Sci, Av Univ 1000, BR-38610000 Unai, MG - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ, Inst Biosci, UNESP, Rua Prof Dr Valter Mauricio Correa S-N, BR-18618970 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[5] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Dept Anim Clin, Sch Vet Med Aracatuba, Surg & Reprod, Rua Clovis Pestana 793, BR-16050680 Aracatuba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Veterinary Parasitology; v. 299, NOV 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the joint involvement in dogs with visceral leishmaniasis by means of orthopedic physical examination, radiographic and computed tomographic (CT) findings. Of the 46 evaluated dogs, an overall of 91.3 % presented joint (carpal, tarsal, elbows, and stifle) abnormalities, observed on physical examination, radiography and/or CT. In 67.3 % of the dogs orthopedic examination showed no abnormalities. Among the 31 dogs with normal orthopedic examination, 61.3 % showed radiographic and CT findings suggestive of osteoarthritis, 25.8 % presented normal radiographs with abnormalities evidenced only on CT, while 12.9 % presented normal radiographs and CT imaging. From the 15 dogs with abnormal orthopedic examination, 80 % had abnormal radiographic and CT findings suggestive of osteoarthritis, while 20 % presented normal radiographs with abnormalities evidenced only in their CT. Radiographic and CT findings included evident trabecular pattern, subchondral bone sclerosis, osteolysis, mixed bone lesions (osteolytic-proliferative lesions), soft tissue swelling around the joint (edema), joint space narrowing, bone proliferation, osteophytes, bone cyst and cartilage flap. Based on CT results the most affected joints, among those assessed, were the tarsal (80.9 %), followed by stifle (78.5 %), carpal (64.2 %), and elbows (54.7 %). Except by one dog that presented only one stifle joint compromised, the other three joints presented bilateral abnormalities in all dogs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/02484-2 - Canine visceral leishmaniasis: abdominal imaging study of the appendicular skeleton in dogs naturally infected
Grantee:Maria Jaqueline Mamprim de Arruda Monteiro
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/01526-3 - Canine visceral leishmaniasis: abdominal imaging study of the appendicular skeleton in dogs naturally infected
Grantee:Alexandre Redson Soares da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/21048-5 - CONTRIBUITION OF THE ELASTOSONOGRAPHIC AND COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY EXAMINATIONS IN DOGS AFFECTED BY VISCERAL LEISHMANIASIS.
Grantee:Maria Jaqueline Mamprim de Arruda Monteiro
Support type: Regular Research Grants