Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand

Impact of inflammasomes activation in central nervous system in response to ZikV e SARS-Cov2 infections

Abstract

Several viruses have the ability to invade the Central Nervous System (CNS), infecting resident cells and causing severe neuroinflammation by activating the innate immune system. Exacerbated inflammatory responses are influenced by the activation of inflammasomes, which are multiprotein platforms present in the cytosol of different cell types capable of activating the caspase-1 protease, leading to the secretion of IL-1² / IL-18 and cell death by pyroptosis. It has been shown that the Zika virus (ZIKV) modulates the activation of inflammasomes in different cell types. However, ZIKV mainly infects the CNS cells, and the role of inflammasome activation in these cells is not well established. Respiratory viruses can also damage the CNS similar as other well-known human neuroinvasive viruses. In this sense, SARS-Cov2 infection is increasingly being linked to neurological damage. It is known that infection with the new coronavirus stimulates a storm of inflammatory cytokines promoting Acute Respiratory Difficulty Syndrome (ARDS), fibrosis, hematological and neurological disorders, among others, which can result in organ failure and death. Recently, it was described the correlation between the activation of inflammasomes and the severity of COVID-19. However, the role of these platforms in the SNC is still unknown. Thus, considering the crucial role of inflammasomes for the host's response to pathogens and the potential of these platforms to exacerbating neuropathologies, the objective of this project is to elucidate the mechanisms by which inflammasomes are modulated in response to viral infections in murine and human CNS cells and its consequences for the control of infection and neuroinflammation. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the research grant:
Articles published in other media outlets (0 total):
More itemsLess items
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)
VEICULO: TITULO (DATA)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRANCO, LAURA MIGLIARI; AMARAL, MARCELO PIRES; BOEKHOFF, HENNING; DE LIMA, ANA BEATRIZ FIGUEIREDO; FARIAS, INGRID SANCHO; LAGE, SILVIA LUCENA; PEREIRA, GUSTAVO JOSE SILVA; FRANKLIN, BERNARDO SIMOES; BORTOLUCI, KARINA RAMALHO. Lysosomal cathepsins act in concert with Gasdermin-D during NAIP/NLRC4-dependent IL-1 beta secretion. CELL DEATH & DISEASE, v. 13, n. 12, p. 10-pg., . (15/09029-7, 17/25942-0, 17/21814-7, 18/19252-3, 21/03371-6)

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: gei-bv@fapesp.br.