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Herpetofauna of the Estação Ecológica Juréia-Itatins (EEJI): Composition and monitoring of the local herpetofauna to assess the animals'state of health, biochemical characterization of snake venoms and environmental education. Atlantic Forest, SP, Brazil

Grant number: 22/10028-9
Support Opportunities:BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
Duration: October 01, 2023 - September 30, 2025
Field of knowledge:Interdisciplinary Subjects
Convênio/Acordo: Secretaria do Meio Ambiente - Fundação Florestal
Principal Investigator:Eliana de Oliveira Serapicos
Grantee:Eliana de Oliveira Serapicos
Host Institution: Instituto Butantan. Secretaria da Saúde (São Paulo - Estado). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated researchers:Anita Mitico Tanaka-Azevedo ; Carlos Campos Gonçalves Junior ; Edson Aparecido da Silva ; Karen de Morais Zani ; Kathleen Fernandes Grego ; Lourdes Alessandra Ventura Seabra ; Marcia Regina Franzolin ; Renato Augusto Martins ; SANDRA FERNANDA BILBAO OROZCO

Abstract

The original remnants of the Atlantic Forest (7%) are fragmented and potentially threatened due to anthropic pressures of socio-economic nature, such as pollution of rivers, springs and seas, dispersion of solid waste, deforestation for agriculture and pastures, among other factors that culminate in the fragility of biodiversity preservation. The Estação Ecológica Juréia-Itatins (EEJI) is located in the south of São Paulo's coast, occupying an area of 80,000ha of Atlantic Forest, covering a large mosaic of ecosystems, such as dunes, sandbanks, mangrove swamps and fields of high altitude, which together shelter a large diversity of endemic and endangered species, which fully depend on the conservation of this hotspot. Although the Ecological Station category represents one of the most restrictive Conservation Units, the EEJI has been the target of economic interests, putting its biodiversity at risk, as well as the future of traditional communities that live and depend on the preservation of the ecosystems for the sustainable use of resources. Thus, integrated and multidisciplinary studies that result in subsidies to strengthen the management of UCs are necessary, generating tools capable of mitigating socio-environmental problems through public policies. In this project, the composition of the local herpetofauna will be characterized and, through a multidisciplinary study, the monitoring of captured species will be carried out in order to establish an overview of the animals' state of health and its correlations with dependent ecosystems. The results obtained should generate subsidies for the development of conservation strategies for the maintenance and preservation of the region's biodiversity, with conditions of replication of the methodologies used in other Nuclei of the EEJI, as well as in other Conservation Units. It is also a priority to insert Environmental Education in this scenario as a way of establishing a communication system with the traditional community, to promote dialogues that can mitigate conflicts and generate alternatives to improve the quality of life of these populations, since there is evidence that in several places, the presence of traditional communities has contributed, over the years, to the preservation of ecosystems, often threatened by land invasion, deforestation, predatory hunting and exploitation of natural resources. Public policies must be able to promote the reduction of conflicts and provide conditions for sustainable management of natural resources and ensure the well-being of local communities, as well as biodiversity. (AU)

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