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Origins and microevolution of man in the Americas: a paleoanthropological approach (III)

Grant number: 04/01321-6
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: October 01, 2004 - December 31, 2009
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Anthropology
Principal Investigator:Walter Alves Neves
Grantee:Walter Alves Neves
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Co-Principal Investigators:Paulo Eduardo de Oliveira
Associated scholarship(s):07/52246-2 - Climatic and vegetational variations and their influence on the Holocene pattern of human occupation in the region of Lagoa Santa: palinology of a terrace in Ribeirão da Mata, municipality of Pedro Leopoldo, MG, BP.MS
05/60319-4 - Cranial morphology of late paleoindians from Lagoa Santa through geometric morphometry, BP.IC

Abstract

Two great innovations regarding the origins of the American man were generated in the last five years, and will be of paramount importance for a radical change in the current ideas about the subject. First, biological anthropologists working in Brazil and USA were able to demonstrate that the cranial morphology of the first known americans, called Paleoindians, has no similarity with that of the Mongoloid populations, including modern native americans. This discovery leads the coordinator of this project to propose a new model to explain the settlement of the americas. This model is called the "The two main biological components" and was proposed to replace the "Three migration model", and the "One migration model”, the later vehemently defended by molecular biologists over the last five years. The second innovation is that archaeologists were finally able to demonstrate the presence of man in the continent prior to the Clovis culture. The consolidation of the "Tow main biological components" will depend very much on our ability to generate new data and results about the biology of the first americans. In this context, the new version of the project rests on six well defined research topics, aiming at testing several clearly defined hypothesis regarding the Paleoindian occupation of Lagoa Santa. These six research axis are the following: "Clovis-first/Clovis-like"?, biological origins of the first americans, hunter-gatherers resilience in the neotropics, site formation and taphonomy in tropical areas, paleoclimates and paleoenvironments during the final Pleistocene and Holocene in Lagoa Santa, and man and megafauna in the Pleistocene/Holocene transition. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the research grant
The new face of Luzia and the Lagoa Santa people 
A antropologia física dos “vis aimorés” 
The body speaks 
Articles published in Revista Pesquisa FAPESP about the project
The peoples of Lagoa Santa 
Luzia’s America 
Like our parents 

Scientific publications (22)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
POSTH, COSIMO; NAKATSUKA, NATHAN; LAZARIDIS, IOSIF; SKOGLUND, PONTUS; MALLICK, SWAPAN; LAMNIDIS, THISEAS C.; ROHLAND, NADIN; NAEGELE, KATHRIN; ADAMSKI, NICOLE; BERTOLINI, EMILIE; BROOMANDKHOSHBACHT, NASREEN; COOPER, ALAN; CULLETON, BRENDAN J.; FERRAZ, TIAGO; FERRY, MATTHEW; FURTWAENGLER, ANJA; HAAK, WOLFGANG; HARKINS, KELLY; HARPER, THOMAS K.; HUENEMEIER, TABITA; LAWSON, ANN MARIE; LLAMAS, BASTIEN; MICHEL, MEGAN; NELSON, ELIZABETH; OPPENHEIMER, JONAS; PATTERSON, NICK; SCHIFFELS, STEPHAN; SEDIG, JAKOB; STEWARDSON, KRISTIN; TALAMO, SAHRA; WANG, CHUAN-CHAO; HUBLIN, JEAN-JACQUES; HUBBE, MARK; HARVATI, KATERINA; DELAUNAY, AMALIA NUEVO; BEIER, JUDITH; FRANCKEN, MICHAEL; KAULICKE, PETER; REYES-CENTENO, HUGO; RADEMAKER, KURT; TRASK, WILLA R.; ROBINSON, MARK; GUTIERREZ, SAID M.; PRUFER, KEITH M.; SALAZAR-GARCIA, DOMINGO C.; CHIM, ELIANE N.; GOMES, LISIANE MULLER PLUMM; ALVES, MARCONY L.; LIRYO, ANDERSEN; INGLEZ, MARIANA; OLIVEIRA, RODRIGO E.; BERNARDO, DANILO V.; BARIONI, ALBERTO; WESOLOWSKI, VERONICA; SCHEIFLER, NAHUEL A.; RIVERA, MARIO A.; PLENS, CLAUDIA R.; MESSINEO, PABLO G.; FIGUTI, LEVY; CORACH, DANIEL; SCABUZZO, CLARA; EGGERS, SABINE; DEBLASIS, PAULO; REINDEL, MARKUS; MENDEZ, CESAR; POLITIS, GUSTAVO; TOMASTO-CAGIGAO, ELSA; KENNETT, DOUGLAS J.; STRAUSS, ANDRE; FEHREN-SCHMITZ, LARS; KRAUSE, JOHANNES; REICH, DAVID. Reconstructing the Deep Population History of Central and South America. Cell, v. 175, n. 5, p. 1185+, NOV 15 2018. Web of Science Citations: 5.
ARAUJO, ASTOLFO G. M.; PUGLIESE, JR., FRANCISCO A.; DOS SANTOS, RAFAEL O.; OKUMURA, MERCEDES. Extreme cultural persistence in eastern-central Brazil: the case of Lagoa Santa Paleaeoindians. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 90, n. 2, 1, p. 2501-2521, AUG 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.
RACZKA, MARCO F.; BUSH, MARK B.; DE OLIVEIRA, PAULO EDUARDO. The collapse of megafaunal populations in southeastern Brazil. Quaternary Research, v. 89, n. 1, SI, p. 103-118, JAN 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
Extreme cultural persistence in eastern-central Brazil: the case of Lagoa Santa Paleaeoindians. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 90, n. 2, p. -, Ago. 2018.
HADDAD-MARTIM, PAULO M.; HUBBE, ALEX; GIANNINI, PAULO C. F.; AULER, AUGUSTO S.; PILO, LUIS B.; HUBBE, MARK; MAYER, ELVER; WANG, XIANFENG; CHENG, HAI; EDWARDS, R. LAWRENCE; NEVES, WALTER A. Quaternary depositional fades in cave entrances and their relation to landscape evolution: The example of Cuvieri Cave, eastern Brazil. CATENA, v. 157, p. 372-387, OCT 2017. Web of Science Citations: 0.
DA-GLORIA, PEDRO; OLIVEIRA, RODRIGO E.; NEVES, WALTER A. Dental caries at Lapa do Santo, central-eastern Brazil: An Early Holocene archaeological site. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 89, n. 1, p. 307-316, MAR 2017. Web of Science Citations: 0.
VILLAGRAN, XIMENA S.; STRAUSS, ANDRE; MILLER, CHRISTOPHER; LIGOUIS, BERTRAND; OLIVEIRA, RODRIGO. Buried in ashes: Site formation processes at Lapa do Santo rockshelter, east-central Brazil. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE, v. 77, n. SI, p. 10-34, JAN 2017. Web of Science Citations: 11.
Extreme cultural persistence in eastern-central Brazil: the case of Lagoa Santa Paleaeoindians. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, n. ahead, p. -, 2017.
MAYER, ELVER LUIZ; HUBBE, ALEX; KERBER, LEONARDO; HADDAD-MARTIM, PAULO MIGUEL; NEVES, WALTER. Taxonomic, biogeographic, and taphonomic reassessment of a large extinct species of paca from the Quaternary of Brazil. ACTA PALAEONTOLOGICA POLONICA, v. 61, n. 4, p. 743-758, DEC 2016. Web of Science Citations: 3.
HUBBE, MARK; STRAUSS, ANDRE; HUBBE, ALEX; NEVES, WALTER A. Early South Americans Cranial Morphological Variation and the Origin of American Biological Diversity. PLoS One, v. 10, n. 10 OCT 14 2015. Web of Science Citations: 10.
STRAUSS, ANDRE; OLIVEIRA, RODRIGO ELIAS; BERNARDO, DANILO V.; SALAZAR-GARCIA, DOMINGO C.; TALAMO, SAHRA; JAOUEN, KLERVIA; HUBBE, MARK; BLACK, SUE; WILKINSON, CAROLINE; RICHARDS, MICHAEL PHILLIP; ARAUJO, ASTOLFO G. M.; KIPNIS, RENATO; NEVES, WALTER ALVES. The Oldest Case of Decapitation in the New World (Lapa do Santo, East-Central Brazil). PLoS One, v. 10, n. 9 SEP 23 2015. Web of Science Citations: 10.
ARAUJO, ASTOLFO G. M. On Vastness and Variability: Cultural Transmission, Historicity, and the Paleoindian Record in Eastern South America. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, v. 87, n. 2, p. 1239-1258, JUN 2015. Web of Science Citations: 11.
STRAUSS, ANDRE; HUBBE, MARK; NEVES, WALTER A.; BERNARDO, DANILO V.; ATUI, JOAO PAULO V. The cranial morphology of the Botocudo Indians, Brazil. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, v. 157, n. 2, p. 202-216, JUN 2015. Web of Science Citations: 8.
HUBBE, MARK; OKUMURA, MERCEDES; BERNARDO, DANILO V.; NEVES, WALTER A. Cranial Morphological Diversity of Early, Middle, and Late Holocene Brazilian Groups: Implications for Human Dispersion in Brazil. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, v. 155, n. 4, p. 546-558, DEC 2014. Web of Science Citations: 11.
WALTER ALVES NEVES; MARK HUBBE; ANDRÉ MENEZES STRAUSS; DANILO VICENSOTTO BERNARDO. Morfologia craniana dos remanescentes ósseos humanos da Lapa do Santo, Lagoa Santa, Minas Gerais, Brasil: implicações para o povoamento das Américas. Bol. Mus. Para. Emílio Goeldi. Ciênc. hum., v. 9, n. 3, p. 715-740, Dez. 2014.
ARAUJO, ASTOLFO G. M.; STRAUSS, ANDRE M.; FEATHERS, JAMES K.; PAISANI, JULIO CESAR; SCHRAGE, THOMAS J. Paleoindian Open-Air Sites in Tropical Settings: A Case Study in Formation Processes, Dating Methods, and Paleoenvironmental Models in Central Brazil. GEOARCHAEOLOGY-AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, v. 28, n. 3, SI, p. 195-220, MAY-JUN 2013. Web of Science Citations: 12.
RACZKA, MARCO F.; DE OLIVEIRA, PAULO E.; BUSH, MARK; MCMICHAEL, CRYSTAL H. Two paleoecological histories spanning the period of human settlement in southeastern Brazil. JOURNAL OF QUATERNARY SCIENCE, v. 28, n. 2, p. 144-151, FEB 2013. Web of Science Citations: 5.
PORSANI, JORGE LUIS; JANGELME, GUILHERME DE MATOS; KIPNIS, RENATO. Use of ground-penetrating radar to map subsurface features at the Lapa do Santo archaeological site (Brazil). Near Surface Geophysics, v. 10, n. 2, p. 141-144, APR 2012. Web of Science Citations: 1.
NEVES, WALTER A.; ARAUJO, ASTOLFO G. M.; BERNARDO, DANILO V.; KIPNIS, RENATO; FEATHERS, JAMES K. Rock Art at the Pleistocene/Holocene Boundary in Eastern South America. PLoS One, v. 7, n. 2 FEB 22 2012. Web of Science Citations: 12.
HUBBE, ALEX; HADDAD-MARTIM, PAULO M.; HUBBE, MARK; MAYER, ELVER L.; STRAUSS, ANDRE; AULER, AUGUSTO S.; PILO, LUIS B.; NEVES, WALTER A. Identification and importance of critical depositional gaps in pitfall cave environments: The fossiliferous deposit of Cuvieri Cave, eastern Brazil. PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, v. 312, n. 1-2, p. 66-78, DEC 1 2011. Web of Science Citations: 15.
HUBBE, MARK; HARVATI, KATERINA; NEVES, WALTER. Paleoamerican Morphology in the Context of European and East Asian Late Pleistocene Variation: Implications for Human Dispersion Into the New World. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, v. 144, n. 3, p. 442-453, MAR 2011. Web of Science Citations: 33.
PORSANI, JORGE LUIS; JANGELME, GUILHERME DE MATOS; KIPNIS, RENATO. GPR survey at Lapa do Santo archaeological site, Lagoa Santa karstic region, Minas Gerais state, Brazil. JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL SCIENCE, v. 37, n. 6, p. 1141-1148, JUN 2010. Web of Science Citations: 19.

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