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The master plans of the State of São Paulo and the problem of urban mobility: case study on some medium-sized cities in São Paulo

Abstract

One of the problems faced by large cities in Brazil and already even within the medium-size refers to the issue of urban mobility. The dependence on car use have had major impact on traffic flows. The adoption of this mode of transportation was made possible by the following reasons: great extension terrirorial cities, a supposed ease and shifts in investment in infrastructure. Brazilian cities have over the years played a circulation model that is causing the reduction in the mobility and accessibility (including in small and medium cities) for it is guided individal motorized transport (cars). The dependence on this mode of transport has led to environmental degradation, increase in time of congestion, increase in traffic accidents, and other urban problems. Due to these problems this model is considered unsustainable. The improvement of mobility in cities, with the consequent increase in the quality of urban life, is related to the adoption of specific measures for transport management. These measures include: encouraging public transport over the private implementation of legislation regulating the circulation of public and private transport, to establish criteria for the construction and maintenance of the road system, and to encourage the use of more sustainable modes of transport , giving priority to non-motorized modes (walking and cycling) and collective. Moreover, the decrease in dependence on the automobile is directly related to the re-organization of urban space, or the adoption of a new planning policy of land use linked to transportation planning (incorporating the vision of sustainable urban mobility). Thus, this research aims to further research into how the medium-sized cities in São Paulo addressed the issue of urban mobility in developing their Master Plans, to thereby identify which are the main mobility problems that are affecting the cities of medium São Paulo. (AU)