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Greenhouse gases balance in the production of broiler on conventional and organic systems

Grant number: 12/23784-4
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: March 01, 2013 - August 31, 2015
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy
Principal Investigator:Carlos Clemente Cerri
Grantee:Carlos Clemente Cerri
Home Institution: Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Brigitte Josefine Feigl ; Carlos Eduardo Pellegrino Cerri

Abstract

This proposal aim to estimative the greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, CH4 and N2O) and ammonia volatilization in broiler conventional farming production system. The GHG sources that will be evaluated include nitrogen fertilization related to feed grain production, poultry litter, and other gases from fossil fuel consume and use of electricity. Such information will allow to evaluate the greenhouse gas net used to produce one kilogram of chicken meat. In order to obtain mentioned information, measurements for each component will be taken in poultry sheds at ESALQ/USP,and in commercial poultry sheds located at São Paulo State. Such measurements include the use of incubation chambers and gas analysis by gas chromatography which will be analyzed at CENA-USP. The results will be statistically treated by mean tests (Tuckey), variance (ANOVA) and correlation (Pearson Correlation). These results may help decision makers developing public policies aimed at reducing GHG emissions towards sustainability in beef production in Brazil. We believe that the products of this research are likely to collaborate with the newly created program "Low Carbon Agriculture (ABC)". This is important for the Brazilian poultry industry that, to remain competitive in the global marketplace must prove sustainable environmental performance. (AU)