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Sediments and palaeosols of Cretaceous desert depositional systems (Bauru Group, SE of Brazil, and Los Llanos formation, W of Argentina): proxies for palaeoenvironmental interpretation and stratigraphic benefits

Grant number: 12/23209-0
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: April 01, 2013 - September 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Geology
Principal researcher:Giorgio Basilici
Grantee:Giorgio Basilici
Home Institution: Instituto de Geociências (IG). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Patrick Francisco Führ Dal' Bó ; Romulo Simoes Angelica

Abstract

Palaeosols are relatively common in continental and paralic sedimentary successions. Despite that, they are ignored or described as massive sediments and interpreted as chaotic debris flows or diagenetic changes. This superficiality considering palaeosols cannot be justified studying continental and paralic sedimentary successions because they constitute very important proxies of palaeoenvironmental controlling factors and useful stratigraphic tools. This new project wants to be a continuation of a research concluded in 2010 (Fapesp Project n. 2007/00140-6), whose study area was the northern portion of the Cretaceous Bauru Basin. Using relationships between palaeosols and deposits we interpreted this sedimentary succession representing a desert aeolian sand sheet where instability phases of the topography (erosion/sedimentation processes) alternated with stability phases (pedogenesis). Palaeosols have been determinant in discriminating the palaeoenvironmental conditions and the stratigraphic architecture of the unit. This new project proposes to study the eastern area of the Bauru Basin (São Paulo State) and the Los Llanos Formation (La Rioja, Argentina). The Bauru Group, exposed near the town of Marilia, displays different lithological and palaeopedological aspects than we observed in our previous studies. Thus, we think that new data on the evolution and architectural features of the Bauru Group may be obtained from this study area. The Los Llanos Formation is a Cretaceous unit with aeolian deposits and palaeosol formed in arid climate. This sedimentary succession, located 900 km towards south and 1600 km towards west from Bauru Basin study area, look like very similar to the Bauru Basin succession and its study and comparison with the Bauru Basin will allow: i) to verify the existence and meaning of the alternations of stability and instability phases of the topographic surfaces in sedimentary desert palaeoenvironments; ii) to verify the use of palaeosol as palaeoenvironmental and stratigraphic proxies; iii) to generate a palaeoclimatic reconstruction of Latin America during the Cretaceous for a area between 20-30° of latitude. To realise this project, sedimentological and palaeopedological studies in the field and laboratory will be integrated. Main objective will be verify the relevance of the palaeosols, when studied in conjunction with sediments, as palaeoenvironmental and stratigraphic proxies. To reach this result we have to follow this secondary objective in Bauru Group and Los Llanos Formation: i) to interpret the factors that control the depositional and palaeopedogenic processes; ii) to define a stratigraphic geometry using the principles of the depositional architecture and sequence stratigraphy in aeolian and desert systems. (AU)

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Scientific publications (8)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BASILICI, GIORGIO; MARTIN HECHENLEITNER, ESTEBAN; ERNESTO FIORELLI, LUCAS; DAL BO, PATRICK FUHR; MOUNTNEY, NIGEL PHILIP. Preservation of titanosaur egg clutches in Upper Cretaceous cumulative palaeosols (Los Llanos Formation, La Rioja, Argentina). PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, v. 482, p. 83-102, . (12/23209-0)
BASILICI, GIORGIO; DAL' BO, PATRICK FUHR; DE OLIVEIRA, EMERSON FERREIRA. Distribution of palaeosols and deposits in the temporal evolution of a semiarid fluvial distributary system (Bauru Group, Upper Cretaceous, SE Brazil). SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY, v. 341, p. 245-264, . (14/13297-4, 12/23209-0)
SOARES, MARCUS VINICIUS THEODORO; BASILICI, GIORGIO; DA SILVA MARINHO, THIAGO; MARTINELLI, AGUSTIN GUILLERMO; MARCONATO, ANDRE; MOUNTNEY, NIGEL PHILIP; COLOMBERA, LUCA; MESQUITA, AQUILA FERREIRA; VASQUES, JULIA TUCKER; JUNIOR, FRANCISCO ROMERO ABRANTES; et al. Sedimentology of a distributive fluvial system: The Serra da Galga Formation, a new lithostratigraphic unit (Upper Cretaceous, Bauru Basin, Brazil). GEOLOGICAL JOURNAL, v. 56, n. 2, SI, . (18/10574-8, 12/23209-0)
THEODORO SOARES, MARCUS VINICIUS; BASILICI, GIORGIO; DAL'BO, PATRICK FUHR; MARINHO, THIAGO DA SILVA; MOUNTNEY, NIGEL PHILIP; COLOMBERA, LUCA; DE OLIVEIRA, EMERSON FERREIRA; BRITO DA SILVA, KARLA EVENNY. Climatic and geomorphologic cycles in a semiarid distributive fluvial system, Upper Cretaceous, Bauru Group, SE Brazil. SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY, v. 372, p. 75-95, . (12/23209-0, 16/06968-5)
HECHENLEITNER, E. MARTIN; FIORELLI, LUCAS E.; GRELLET-TINNER, GERALD; LEUZINGER, LEA; BASILICI, GIORGIO; TABORDA, JEREMIAS R. A.; DE LA VEGA, SERGIO R.; BUSTAMANTE, CARLOS A.. A new Upper Cretaceous titanosaur nesting site from La Rioja (NW Argentina), with implications for titanosaur nesting strategies. Palaeontology, v. 59, n. 3, p. 433-446, . (12/23209-0)
FIORELLI, LUCAS E.; LEARDI, JUAN M.; MARTIN HECHENLEITNER, E.; POL, DIEGO; BASILICI, GIORGIO; GRELLET-TINNER, GERALD. A new Late Cretaceous crocodyliform from the western margin of Gondwana (La Rioja Province, Argentina). CRETACEOUS RESEARCH, v. 60, p. 194-209, . (12/23209-0)
MARTINELLI, AGUSTIN G.; BASILICI, GIORGIO; FIORELLI, LUCAS E.; KLOCK, CAROLINA; KARFUNKEL, JOACHIM; DINIZ, ARIELA COSTA; SOARES, MARCUS V. T.; MARCONATO, ANDRE; DA SILVA, JOAO ISMAEL; RIBEIRO, LUIZ CARLOS B.; et al. Palaeoecological implications of an Upper Cretaceous tetrapod burrow (Bauru Basin; Peiropolis, Minas Gerais, Brazil). PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, v. 528, p. 147-159, . (12/23209-0, 18/10574-8)
THEODORO SOARES, MARCUS VINICIUS; BASILICI, GIORGIO; LORENZONI, PAOLO; COLOMBERA, LUCA; MOUNTNEY, NIGEL PHILIP; MARTINELLI, AGUSTIN GUILLERMO; MESQUITA, AQUILA FERREIRA; MARINHO, THIAGO DA SILVA; VASCONEZ GARCIA, RICHARD GUILLERMO; MARCONATO, ANDRE. Landscape and depositional controls on palaeosols of a distributive fluvial system (Upper Cretaceous, Brazil). SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY, v. 410, . (18/10574-8, 12/23209-0)

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