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Impact of intrauterine fetal programming by low protein diet on rat prostate stem cells and morphogenesis

Grant number: 13/24230-5
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: April 01, 2014 - March 31, 2016
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Morphology
Principal Investigator:Luis Antonio Justulin Junior
Grantee:Luis Antonio Justulin Junior
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IBB). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu, SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Jaqueline de Carvalho Rinaldi ; Sérgio Luis Felisbino


Intrauterine fetal programming by low protein diet (IFP) impairs growth and maturation of rat prostate. Moreover, this kind of fetal programming increases the incidence of proliferative lesions in adult rat prostates, mainly lesions containing stem cells markers. Recent studies emphasize the role of stem cells in the initiation and progression of prostate cancer. Thus, the aim of this project is to investigate the impact of fetal programming by low protein diet on genes involved in prostatic morphogenesis and on prosatic stem cells proliferation/diferenciation. In this sense, the male offspring that born from rats fed a standard diet (group NP) or low protein diet (RP group) will be sacrificed at 3, 5, 10, 21 and 35 days of age. The ventral prostatic lobes (VP) will be dissected; the epithelial bud and the stem cells niche will be analysed throught free-floating imunofluorescence. The gene expression involved in prostatic morphogenesis and stem cells proliferation e/or differentiation (Sca-1, ABCG2, Nanog, CD133, CD117, Nkx3.1, BMP4, BMP7, FGF10, Hoxa13, Wnt2, Wnt5a, IGF-1R e Notch 1) will be investigated by qRT-PCR and western blotting. Moreover, the VP from NP and RP animals at day 10 postnatal will be cultured ex vivo for 11 days under exposure of diferente hormones (testosterone, estradiol and IGF-1) to analyse the stem cell proliferation and ductal morphogenesis. These results may help to elucidate some mechanisms by which IFP affects the prostate stem cells population and morphogenesis. (AU)

Articles published in Agência FAPESP about the research grant
Low-protein diet during pregnancy increases prostate cancer risk in offspring 
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