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Effect of aerobic, resistance and the combined training in the production of inflammatory cytokines, adipokines, and tissue damage in experimental model of type 2 Diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Obesity is a condition characterized by excess adipose tissue that results from genetic components and environmental factors such as physical inactivity and inadequate nutrition. Currently this disease is considered the main factor related to the metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease and chronic degenerative diseases associated. Diabetes mellitus type 2 can be a disorder associated with obesity being defined as metabolic disorders that resulting in hyperglycemia due to a change in insulin action, mainly in the secretion of these or both. Recent findings relate to the development of these diseases with increased pro-inflammatory markers such as TNF-±. However, in practice regular exercise appears to increase the levels of anti-inflammatory markers such as IL -6, IL-8 and IL-10 in addition to lower concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The Vaspin and Omentin are adipokines that are also related to obesity and its comorbidities. These adipokines are associated with changes in insulin concentration. These are associated with changes in insulin concentration may have autocrine and paracrine effect of altering the metabolism of glucose. The present study aims to determine the effects of three different types of exercise (aerobic, strength and combined) on the production of adipokines and Omentina Vaspina and inflammatory mediators such as cytokines, as well as explore the possible role of these in the AKT and AMPK activity in animal with type 2 diabetes mellitus. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DE CASTRO, CYNTHIA APARECIDA; DA SILVA, KARMA ANA; ROCHA, MARINA CAMPOS; SENE-FIORESE, MARCELA; NONAKA, KEICO OKINO; MALAVAZI, IRAN; ANIBAL, FERNANDA DE FREITAS; GARCIA DE OLIVEIRA DUARTE, ANA CLAUDIA. Exercise and Omentin: Their Role in the Crosstalk Between Muscle and Adipose Tissues in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Rat Models. FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, v. 9, JAN 7 2019. Web of Science Citations: 2.
DE CASTRO, CYNTHIA APARECIDA; DA SILVA, KARINA ANA; BUFFO, MARINA MOLINA; ZAMBONE PINTO, KARINA NOGUEIRA; DUARTE, FERNANDA DE OLIVEIRA; NONAKA, KEICO OKINO; ANIBAL, FERNANDA DE FREITAS; GARCIA DE OLIVEIRA DUARTE, ANA CLAUDIA. Experimental type 2 diabetes induction reduces serum vaspin, but not serum omentin, in Wistar rats. International Journal of Experimental Pathology, v. 98, n. 1, p. 26-33, FEB 2017. Web of Science Citations: 6.

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