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Marginal quality of cervical restorations, made with materials of different modulus of elasticity, in premolars subject to eccentric occlusal loading

Grant number: 14/13444-7
Support type:Regular Research Grants
Duration: October 01, 2014 - September 30, 2016
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry
Principal researcher:Luciana Fávaro Francisconi dos Rios
Grantee:Luciana Fávaro Francisconi dos Rios
Home Institution: Faculdade de Odontologia (FO). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Assoc. researchers:Jose Carlos Pereira

Abstract

Restorative materials used in the cervical region of teeth may be subjected to resultants of eccentric occlusal loads, which may have already contributed to the formation of the lesion, and should be capable of withstanding the stresses. There is no consensus, however, about the role of the modulus of elasticity of such materials in the success of the respective restorations. This in vitro study aims to evaluate the influence of the use of materials with different elastic moduli, and of the association between them, on marginal quality of cervical restorations in premolars subjected to eccentric occlusal loading. Cervical wedge-shaped standardized cavities, prepared in 60 human upper single-rooted premolars, healthy and extracted, will be restored with a composite resin (Z250 XT®; groups RCt-test and RCc-control); with the resin in combination with a resin-modified liner ionomer (Vitrebond®; Mt and Mc), and with a resin-modified restorative ionomer (Vitremer®; CIVt groups and CIVc). Embedded in acrylic resin, with their roots wrapped by an artificial ligament, test teeth will be subjected to an eccentric occlusal loading (Biocycle Pneumatic Mechanical Cycler - Biopdi, dynamic load by the action of a torpedo-shaped metal tip, 150 N, 1000000 cycles, 2.5 Hz). Control teeth will be only stored in deionized water at 37°C. A fluorescein-marked adhesive system will be used for delimitation of possible formed defects, which will be evaluated by means of laser scanning confocal microscopy. For qualitative variables (presence/absence and location of marginal gaps) the chi-square test will be applied; for quantitative variables (width and depth of the gaps), if sampling distribution is normal and homogeneous, one-way ANOVA and, if necessary, Tukey tests (p<0.05) will be applied. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
ANHESINI, BRUNNA HADDAD; LANDMAYER, KARIN; SALATA NAHSAN, FLAVIA PARDO; PEREIRA, JOSE CARLOS; HONORIO, HEITOR MARQUES; FRANCISCONI-DOS-RIOS, LUCIANA FAVARO. Composite vs. ionomer vs. mixed restoration of wedge-shaped dental cervical lesions: Marginal quality relative to eccentric occlusal loading. JOURNAL OF THE MECHANICAL BEHAVIOR OF BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, v. 91, p. 309-314, MAR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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