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Diabetic hyperglycemia attenuates sympathetic dysfunction and oxidative stress after myocardial infarction in rats

Grant number: 14/18685-2
Support type:Regular Research Grants - Publications - Scientific article
Duration: November 01, 2014 - April 30, 2015
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Physiology
Principal Investigator:Christiane Malfitano
Grantee:Christiane Malfitano
Home Institution: Universidade Nove de Julho (UNINOVE). Campus Vergueiro. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Background: Previous research has demonstrated that hyperglycemia may protect the heart against ischemic injury. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between hyperglycemia and myocardial infarction on cardiovascular autonomic modulation and cardiac oxidative stress profile in rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into: control (C), diabetic (D), myocardial infarcted (MI) and diabetic infarcted rats (DMI). Methods: Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (STZ, 50mg/Kg) at the beginning of the protocol and MI was induced by left coronary occlusion 15 days after STZ. Thirty days after streptozocin-induced diabetes, cardiovascular autonomic modulation was evaluated by spectral analysis, and oxidative stress profile was determined by antioxidant enzyme activities and superoxide anion, together with protein carbonylation and redox balance of glutathione (GSH/GSSG). Results: The diabetic and infarcted groups showed decreased heart rate variability and vagal modulation (p<0.05); however, sympathetic modulation decreased only in diabetic groups (p<0.05). Sympatho/vagal balance and vascular sympathetic modulation were increased only in the MI group (p<0.05). Diabetes promoted an increase in catalase concentration (p<0.05). Glutathione peroxidase activity was increased only in DMI when compared to the other groups (p<0.05). Superoxide anion and protein carbonylation were increased only in MI group (p<0.05). Cardiac redox balance, as evaluated by GSH/GSSG, was lower in the MI group (p<0.05). Conclusions: These data suggest that hyperglycemia promotes compensatory mechanisms that may offer protection against ischemia, as demonstrated by increased antioxidants, decreased pro-oxidants and protein damage, possibly related to the improvements in both redox balance and sympathetic modulation to the heart. (AU)

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
MALFITANO, CHRISTIANE; BARBOZA, CATARINA ANDRADE; MOSTARDA, CRISTIANO; DA PALMA, RENATA KELLY; DOS SANTOS, CAMILA PAIXAO; RODRIGUES, BRUNO; FERREIRA FREITAS, SARAH CRISTINA; BELLO-KLEIN, ADRIANE; LLESUY, SUSANA; IRIGOYEN, MARIA-CLAUDIA; DE ANGELIS, KATIA. Diabetic hyperglycemia attenuates sympathetic dysfunction and oxidative stress after myocardial infarction in rats. CARDIOVASCULAR DIABETOLOGY, v. 13, OCT 10 2014. Web of Science Citations: 10.

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