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Resolution: resilient systems for land use transportation

Grant number: 15/50127-2
Support type:Research Projects - Thematic Grants
Duration: December 01, 2015 - April 30, 2018
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science
Cooperation agreement: ESRC, UKRI ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
Principal researcher:Eduardo Cesar Leão Marques
Grantee:Eduardo Cesar Leão Marques
Principal researcher abroad: Michael Batty
Institution abroad: University College London (UCL), England
Principal researcher abroad: Joana Barros
Institution abroad: University of London, England
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The "Resolution" project will explore the impact of transportation on social segregation in São Paulo and London, comparable world cities in terms of their population, area and density at both municipal and metropolitan levels. In large cities, social groups classified by income, class, and ethnicity manifest extreme differences in where they locate and how accessible they are to a variety of opportunities for mobility, as reflected in the physical distribution of resources associated with different transport systems. These two cities provide us with examples of segregation enabling us to use the findings in one city to 'probe' the other: patterns of segregation with respect to transportation are similar in some senses, different in others. This provides us with an ideal opportunity for comparative work on segregation using rich data sets for each of these cities. We first construct web-based portals that allow us to represent a wide variety of network, flow and socio-economic attribute data. We will build on the extensive experience in these systems acquired by CASA (see www.maptube.org ; www.datashine.org.uk) transfer these ideas to São Paulo, building on their own systems (www.ffflch.usp.br/centrodametropole/en/). We will add transportation explicitly in both cities and this will provide us with a stream of analytics that will inform the development of simple agent-based models, which simulate how, changes ta transport systems are reflected in shifting pattern of segregation. These models will build on existing structures pioneered in various collaborations between CASA, Birkbeck, CEM, UFABC and INPE. The data systems and models we build offer prospects for practical testing of alternative transport scenarios on spatial structure by urban policy makers. (AU)

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Scientific publications (4)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GIANNOTTI, MARIANA; BARROS, JOANA; TOMASIELLO, DIEGO B.; SMITH, DUNCAN; PIZZOL, BRUNA; SANTOS, BEATRIZ M.; ZHONG, CHEN; SHEN, YAO; MARQUES, EDUARDO; BATTY, MICHAEL. Inequalities in transit accessibility: Contributions from a comparative study between Global South and North metropolitan regions. CITIES, v. 109, FEB 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.
TOMASIELLO, DIEGO BOGADO; GIANNOTTI, MARIANA; FEITOSA, FLAVIA F. ACCESS: An agent-based model to explore job accessibility inequalities. COMPUTERS ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN SYSTEMS, v. 81, MAY 2020. Web of Science Citations: 0.
TOMASIELLO, DIEGO BOGADO; GIANNOTTI, MARIANA; ARBEX, RENATO; DAVIS, CLODOVEU. Multi-temporal transport network models for accessibility studies. TRANSACTIONS IN GIS, v. 23, n. 2, p. 203-223, APR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 1.
BARROS, JOANA; FEITOSA, FLAVIA F. Uneven geographies: Exploring the sensitivity of spatial indices of residential segregation. ENVIRONMENT AND PLANNING B-URBAN ANALYTICS AND CITY SCIENCE, v. 45, n. 6, SI, p. 1073-1089, NOV 2018. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.